Policy planning for early childhood care and education: 2000–2014
This article is based on a background paper commissioned for the EFA Global Monitoring Report 2015, Education for All 2000–2015: Achievements and Challenges. It presents an analysis of the global evolution of policy planning for early childhood care and education (ECCE) from before 2000 to 2014, data regarding the national and regional distribution of ECCE policies, strategic plans and laws, and major drivers and challenges encountered in ECCE policy planning. As of July 2014, at least 68 countries had adopted one or more ECCE policy instruments. An additional 10 countries were reliably reported to have adopted policy instruments, and 23 countries were preparing them. This article presents a brief overview of country case studies on ECCE policy development and implementation in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Colombia, Myanmar, and Rwanda. Finally, it offers salient conclusions and recommendations.
KeywordsEarly childhood care and education Early childhood development National policy planning Education Health Nutrition Child protection Child rights Policy outcomes
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