Advertisement

PROSPECTS

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 607–626 | Cite as

The Integral University: Holistic development of individuals, communities, organisations and societies

  • Alexander SchiefferEmail author
  • Ronnie Lessem
Open File

Abstract

The article describes an approach towards a fully transformed university, coined Integral University. Linking Education (E), Research (R), Activation (A) and Catalysation (C), it can “CARE” for individual, organisation, communal and societal development. Within it, theory and practice, knowledge creation and transformative action go hand in hand. The article illustrates the vital developmental contribution that educational institutions can, and indeed must, make to address the most crucial issues of our time. It starts by introducing the Integral Worlds approach as the ontological and epistemological foundation for an Integral University, and then translates this approach into an evolved understanding of the functions of an Integral University. It concludes with practical current developments, from Zimbabwe to Egypt, from Nigeria to Slovenia, innovative cases that demonstrate its potential: a crucial contribution towards a necessary (r)evolution of today’s university.

Keywords

Integral University Integral development Curriculum Innovation Development Role of higher education 

References

  1. Abouleish, I. (2005). Sekem: A sustainable community in the Egyptian desert. Edinburgh: Floris.Google Scholar
  2. Adame, D. (2011). From a disciplinary to a transdisciplinary vision of the university: A space of knowledge, culture, art, spirituality and life. Transdisciplinary Journal of Engineering and Science, 2, 33–39.Google Scholar
  3. Aurobindo, S. (1950). The human cycle: The psychology of social development. Twin Lakes, WI: Lotus Light Publishing.Google Scholar
  4. Bećić, E., Piciga, D., & Hrast, A. (2013). Measurement preconditions systemic action: The case of integral low-carbon country and sustainable development indicators. Systemic Practice and Action Research, 26(6), 513–526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Beck, D. E., & Cowan, C. C. (2002). Spiral dynamics: Mastering values, leadership and change. Hoboken: Wiley Blackwell.Google Scholar
  6. Bloom, A. (1987). The closing of the American mind: How higher education has failed democracy and impoverished the souls of today’s students. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  7. Briggs Myers, I., & Briggs, P. B. (1995). Gifts differing: Understanding personality types. Palo Alto, CA: Davies-Black.Google Scholar
  8. Combs, A. (2002). The radiance of being: Understanding the grand integral vision, living the integral life (2nd ed.). St. Paul, MN: Paragon.Google Scholar
  9. Esbjörn-Hargens, S., Reams, J., & Gunnlaugson, O. (Eds.) (2010). Integral education: New directions for higher learning. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  10. Esbjörn-Hargens, S., & Zimmermann, M. (2009). Integral ecology: Uniting natural perspectives on the natural world. Boston: Integral Books.Google Scholar
  11. Gebser, J. (1985). The ever-present origin. Athens: Ohio University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartzman, S., Scott, P., & Trow, M. (1994). The new production of knowledge: The dynamics of science and research in contemporary societies. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  13. Graves, C. W. (1970). Levels of existence: An open system theory of values. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 10(2), 131–155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gupta, M. (2014). Sri Aurobindo’s vision of integral human development: Designing a future discipline of study. Mumbai: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Harper, S. (Ed.) (2000). The lab, the temple and the market: Reflections at the intersection of science, religion and development. Ottawa: IDRC.Google Scholar
  16. Honey, P., & Mumford, A. (2006). Learning Styles Questionnaire 2006: 80-item version. Oxford: Pearson.Google Scholar
  17. Huxley, J. (1946). UNESCO: Its purpose and its philosophy. London: Preparatory Commission of UNESCO. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0006/000681/068197eo.pdf.
  18. Jung, C. G. (2009). Psychological types. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  19. Keirsey, D., & Bates, M. (1984). Please understand me: Character and temperament types. San Diego: Prometheus Nemesis.Google Scholar
  20. Khurana, R. (2007). From higher aims to hired hands: The social transformation of the American business schools and the unfulfilled promise of management as a profession. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  21. Kolb, D. A., & Fry, R. (1975). Toward an applied theory of experiential learning. In C. Cooper (Ed.), Theories of group processes. London: Wiley.Google Scholar
  22. Lessem, R., Muchineripi, P., & Kada, S. (2012). Integral community: Political economy to social commons. Farnham: Gower.Google Scholar
  23. Lessem, R., & Schieffer, A. (2009). Transformation management: Towards the integral enterprise. Farnham: Gower.Google Scholar
  24. Lessem, R., & Schieffer, A. (2010a). Integral economics: Releasing the economic genius of your society. Farnham: Gower.Google Scholar
  25. Lessem, R., & Schieffer, A. (2010b). Integral research and innovation: Transforming enterprise and society. Farnham: Gower.Google Scholar
  26. Lessem, R., Schieffer, A., Tong, J., & Rima, S. (2013). Integral dynamics: Political economy, cultural dynamics and the future of the university. Farnham: Gower.Google Scholar
  27. Mamukwa, E., Lessem, R., & Schieffer, A. (2014). Integral Green Zimbabwe: An African phoenix rising. Farnham: Gower.Google Scholar
  28. Martin, R. (2009). The opposable mind: Winning through integrative thinking. Boston: Harvard Business Review Press.Google Scholar
  29. McIntosh, S. (2007). Integral consciousness and the future of evolution. St. Paul, MN: Paragon.Google Scholar
  30. McIntosh, S. (2012). Evolution’s purpose: An integral appreciation of the scientific story of our origins. New York: Select Books.Google Scholar
  31. Mead, M. (1933). Notes on squares from Tchambuli Trip. Holograph manuscript. Washington, DC: Library of Congress. http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/mead/field-sepik.html.
  32. Mohanty, S. B. (2007). Theory and practice of integral education. Educational thoughts of Sri Aurobindo and the mother. Pondicherry: Manu Publications.Google Scholar
  33. Moussavian, R. (2014). Crafting an integral enterprise: Towards a sustainable telecommunications sector. Farnham: Gower.Google Scholar
  34. Murray, T. (2009). What is the integral in integral education? From progressive pedagogy to integral pedagogy. Integral Review, 5(1), 96–134.Google Scholar
  35. Nonaka, I., & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge-creating company. How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Nowotny, H. (2014). Introductory comments. In E. Mamukwa, R. Lessem, & A. Schieffer (Eds.), Integral Green Zimbabwe: An African phoenix rising (pp. v–vi). Farnham: Gower.Google Scholar
  37. Oshodi, B. (2013). An integral approach to development economics: Islamic finance in an African context. Farnham: Gower.Google Scholar
  38. Prakash, M., & Esteva, G. (1998). Escaping education: Living as learning at the grassroots. New York: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  39. Scharmer, O., & Kaufer, K. (2013). Leading from the emerging future: From ego-system to eco-system economies. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler.Google Scholar
  40. Schieffer, A., & Lessem, R. (2014a). Integral Deutsche Telekom: Life is 4 sharing. Internal, unpublished white paper. Bonn: Deutsche Telekom.Google Scholar
  41. Schieffer, A., & Lessem, R. (2014b). Integral development: Realising the transformative potential in individuals, organisations and societies. Farnham: Gower.Google Scholar
  42. Senge, P., Smith, B., Kruschwitz, N., & Laur, J. (2010). The necessary revolution: How individuals and organizations are working together to create a sustainable world. New York: Crown Business.Google Scholar
  43. Volckmann, R., & McGregor, S. (2010). Transdisciplinarity learning in graduate programs in Mexico and Brazil. Integral Leadership Review, 10(5).Google Scholar
  44. Wilber, K. (2001a). A theory of everything: An integral vision for business, politics, science and spirituality. Boston: Shambhala.Google Scholar
  45. Wilber, K. (2001b). Sex, ecology, spirituality: The spirit of evolution (2nd ed.). Boston: Shambhala.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© UNESCO IBE 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TRANS4M Center for Integral DevelopmentGenevaSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations