Advertisement

PROSPECTS

, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 411–428 | Cite as

Parent decision-making when selecting schools: The case of Nepal

  • Priyadarshani JoshiEmail author
Open File

Abstract

This paper analyzes the parent decision-making processes underlying school selection in Nepal. The analysis is based on primary survey and focus group data collected from parent meetings in diverse local education markets in two districts of Nepal in 2011. It highlights three main arguments that are less frequently discussed in the context of school choice, including in developing countries. First, children who go to public schools play a significant role in their own decision-making on schooling; this complicates the currently predominant conceptualization that schooling decisions are primarily made by parents and school officials. Second, the gradual growth in private schools has led to significant sorting of students and created a stigma around public education. Finally, in contexts such as Nepal, that suffer from political conflict, and poor conditions for law and order, a school’s proximity to their home becomes a greater priority for students and families.

Keywords

Parent decision-making School choice School selection Quality of education Public schools Nepal South Asia 

References

  1. Apple, M. W. (2001). Comparing neo-liberal projects and inequality in education. Comparative Education, 37(4), 409–423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bhatta, P. (Ed.) (2009). Education in Nepal: Problems, reforms and social change. Kathmandu: Martin Chautari.Google Scholar
  3. Buckley, J., & Schneider, M. (2002). What do parents want from schools? Evidence from the Internet. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 24(2), 133–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Caddell, M. (2007). Private schools and political conflict in Nepal. In P. Srivastava & G. Walford (Eds.), Private schooling in less economically developed countries: Asian and African perspectives (pp. 187–207). Didcot: Symposium.Google Scholar
  5. Carney, S. (2003). Globalisation, neo-liberalism and the limitations of school effectiveness research in developing countries: The case of Nepal. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 1(1), 87–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. CBS [Central Bureau of Education Statistics] (2011). Nepal living standards survey 2010/11, vols. I and II. Kathmandu: National Planning Commission/ Government of Nepal.Google Scholar
  7. CBS (2012). National population and housing census 2011, vols. I and II. Kathmandu: Government of Nepal. http://sites.google.com/site/nepalcensus/.
  8. Chakrabarti, R., & Peterson, P. E. (Eds.) (2009). School choice international: Exploring public-private partnerships. Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  9. Chakrabarti, R., & Roy, J. (2010). The economics of parental choice. In D. Brewer & P. McEwan (Eds.), Economics of education (pp. 336–342). Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  10. Chubb, J. E., & Moe, T. M. (1990). Politics, markets, and America’s schools. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution.Google Scholar
  11. Elacqua, G., Schneider, M., & Buckley, J. (2006). School choice in Chile: Is it class or the classroom? Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 25(3), 577–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Fiske, E. B., & Ladd, H. (2001). When schools compete: A cautionary tale. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
  13. Friedman, M. (1962). Capitalism and freedom. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  14. Glewwe, P., & Kremer, M. (2006). Schools, teachers, and education outcomes in developing countries. In E. Hanushek & F. Welch (Eds.), Handbook of the economics of education (Vol. 2, pp. 964–1107). New York: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  15. Hastings, J. S., Kane, T. J., & Staiger, D. O. (2005). Parental preferences and school competition: Evidence from a public school choice program. NBER working paper 11805. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.Google Scholar
  16. Haxton, C. (2010). Beyond parent management: The role of students and schools in Philadelphia’s high school “choice” process. Doctoral dissertation, retrieved from ProQuest, accession order no. AAT 3447663.Google Scholar
  17. Hirschman, A. O. (1970). Exit, voice, and loyalty: Responses to decline in firms, organizations, and states. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  18. Howell, W. G. (2004). Dynamic selection effects in a means-tested urban school voucher program. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 23(2), 225–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hsieh, C., & Urquiola, M. (2006). The effects of generalized school choice on achievement and stratification: Evidence from Chile’s voucher program. Journal of Public Economics, 90(8–9), 1477–1503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. ILO [International Labour Organisation] (2012). Nepal child labor report, based on data drawn from the Nepal Labor Force Survey 2008. http://www.ilo.org/ipec/Informationresources/WCMS_182002/lang-en/index.htm.
  21. IMF [International Monetary Fund] (2012). Nepal: Staff report for the 2012 Article IV Consultation. IMF Country Report No. 12/326. Washington, DC: IMF.Google Scholar
  22. Joshi, P. (2014). Continuing to exercise choice after selecting a school: Insights into parent-decision making in local education markets in Nepal. International Journal of Educational Development, 37, 57–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Kahneman, D. (2003). Maps of bounded rationality: Psychology for behavioral economics. The American Economic Review, 93(5), 1449–1475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kleitz, B., Weiher, G. R., Tedin, K., & Matland, R. (2000). Choice, charter schools, and household preferences. Social Science Quarterly, 81, 846–849.Google Scholar
  25. Lankford, H., & Wyckoff, J. (2005). Why are schools racially segregated? Implications for school choice policies. In J. Scott (Ed.), School choice and diversity: What the evidence says (pp. 9–26). New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  26. Lindlof, T. R., & Taylor, B. C. (2002). Qualitative communication research methods, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  27. Lubienski, C., & Weitzel, P. (2010). The charter school experiment. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press.Google Scholar
  28. MacQueen, K. M., McLellan-Lemal, E., Bartholow, K., & Milstein, B. (2008). Team-based codebook development: Structure, process, and agreement. In G. Guest & K. M. MacQueen (Eds.), Handbook for team-based qualitative research (pp. 119–135). Lanham, MD: AltaMira.Google Scholar
  29. Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative data analysis: An expanded sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  30. Muralidharan, K., & Kremer, M. (2009). Public and private schools in India. In R. Chakrabarti & P. E. Peterson (Eds.), School choice international: Exploring public-private partnerships (pp. 91–110). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  31. Plank, D. N., & Sykes, G. (2003). Choosing choice: School choice policies in international perspective. New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
  32. Saldaña, J. (2009). The coding manual for qualitative researchers. London: Sage.Google Scholar
  33. Schneider, M., Teske, P., & Marschall, M. (2000). Choosing schools: Consumer choice and the quality of American schools. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  34. Sharma, S., Thakurathi, M., Sapkota, K., Devkota, B., & Rimal, B. (2001). The situation of domestic child labourers in Kathmandu—a rapid assessment. Geneva: ILO/IPEC.Google Scholar
  35. Simon, H. (1991). Bounded rationality and organizational learning. Organization Science, 2(1), 125–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Srivastava, P. (2007). Neither voice nor loyalty: School choice and the low-fee private sector in India. NCSPE working paper no. 134. http://www.ncspe.org/publications_files/OP134_2.pdf.
  37. Srivastava, P. (Ed.) (2013). Low-fee private schooling aggravating equity or mitigating disadvantage? Oxford, UK: Symposium Books.Google Scholar
  38. Srivastava, P., & Walford, G. (Eds.) (2008). Private schooling in less economically developed countries: Asian and African perspectives. Didcot, UK: Symposium Books.Google Scholar
  39. Thapa, A. (2011). Does private school competition improve public school performance? The case of Nepal. Doctoral dissertation, retrieved from ProQuest, accession order no. AAT 3454029.Google Scholar
  40. Upraity, T. N. (1962). Financing elementary education in Nepal. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Graduate School of Education, University of Oregon, Eugene.Google Scholar
  41. Yin, R. K. (2010). Case study research: Design and methods, 4th ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© UNESCO IBE 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Population Studies Center, McNeil BuildingUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations