, Volume 44, Issue 3, pp 367–380 | Cite as

Student transition from primary to lower secondary school in Cambodia: Narrative insights into complex systems

  • D. Brent EdwardsJr.Email author
  • Thomas Zimmermann
  • Chhinh Sitha
  • James H. Williams
  • Yuto Kitamura
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This article has three purposes. First, it presents findings from a study of student retention and dropout in Cambodia, as pupils transition from primary to lower secondary school. Second, it aims to understand from an in-depth, emic perspective the dynamics of this process and the challenges that individual families and their students face around this transition. Third, it offers policy-relevant suggestions for addressing obstacles to students continuing in school. It meets these goals by combining complexity theory with the use of narrative research methods in interviews with student-parent pairs in urban, rural, and remote communities in Cambodia.


Cambodia Dropout Retention Complexity theory Narrative Primary Lower secondary education 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Brent EdwardsJr.
    • 1
    Email author
  • Thomas Zimmermann
    • 2
  • Chhinh Sitha
    • 3
  • James H. Williams
    • 4
  • Yuto Kitamura
    • 5
  1. 1.Drexel UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.University of KasselKasselGermany
  3. 3.Royal University of Phnom PenhPhnom PenhCambodia
  4. 4.George Washington UniversityWashingtonUSA
  5. 5.The University of TokyoTokyoJapan

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