, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 205–221 | Cite as

Aiding education in conflict: The role of international education providers operating in Afghanistan and Pakistan

  • Adele HarmerEmail author
  • Abby Stoddard
  • Victoria DiDomenico
Open File


Amid rising violence against civilian aid operations in insecure environments, attacks on the education sector pose a unique set of challenges for international aid actors. In recent years incidents of violence targeting the education sector in Afghanistan and the conflict-affected areas of Pakistan have increased. This article synthesizes recent research, quantitative analyses, and observations of practitioners in order to explore the key issues facing aid workers in the education sector. The findings suggest that in extremely violent and polarized environments such as Afghanistan and the conflict-affected areas of Pakistan, the international community can provide education assistance more effectively and securely through a low-profile, community-based approach that de-emphasizes the role of government, and avoids, as far as possible, any association with international political/military actors. The authors conclude that education sector coordinators could play a larger role in providing practical guidance and supporting an inter-agency dialogue to share lessons and good practice in delivering education services in these contexts.


Aid workers Security Education in emergencies Afghanistan Pakistan Conflict 


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Adele Harmer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Abby Stoddard
    • 1
  • Victoria DiDomenico
    • 1
  1. 1.Humanitarian OutcomesNew YorkUSA

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