, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 411–418 | Cite as

Raising and levelling the learning bar in central and Eastern Europe

  • J. Douglas WillmsEmail author
  • Thomas M. Smith
  • Yanhong Zhang
  • Lucia Tramonte
School quality and equity in central and Eastern Europe


School Climate Educational Inequality International Assessment UNESCO Institute Improve Student Outcome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Douglas Willms
    • 1
    Email author
  • Thomas M. Smith
    • 1
  • Yanhong Zhang
    • 2
  • Lucia Tramonte
    • 1
  1. 1.University of New BrunswickNew BrunswickCanada
  2. 2.UNESCO-UISMontrealCanada

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