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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of men at long-term follow-up (n = 399)

From: Evaluation of the Responsible, Engaged, and Loving (REAL) Fathers Initiative on Physical Child Punishment and Intimate Partner Violence in Northern Uganda

  Exposed
(n = 232)
% (n)
Unexposed
(n = 169)
% (n)
p value
Age (mean years) 24 24 0.526
Education
 Lower primary 29 (68) 22 (36) 0.093
 Upper primary and higher 71 (165) 78 (130)
Employment
 Farming 92 (214) 88 (146) 0.316
 Self-employed 3 (8) 5 (8)
 Work for employer 4 (10) 6 (10)
 Work for family 1 (1) 1 (2)
Payment of bride price
 No consent/knowledge of family 29 (68) 22 (36) 0.093
 Partially or completely paid 71 (165) 78 (130)
Childhood experiences
 Witnessed violence at home as a child (often or sometimes) 73 (168) 76 (126) 0.476
 Threatened with physical punishment as a child (often or sometimes) 73 (168) 76 (126) 0.435
 Experienced physical violence as a child (often or sometimes) 83 (193) 90 (149) 0.051
 Parented by father 64 (149) 58 (97) 0.264
Use of a family planning method 27 (64) 28 (46) 0.957
Wife’s age (mean years) 21 21 0.451
Wife’s education
 Lower primary 15 (33) 18 (29) 0.429
 Upper primary and higher 85 (183) 82 (129)
Child’s age (mean years) 3 3 0.892
Child’s sex (girl child) 45 (106) 51 (85) 0.260
Biological father of child 99 (231) 100 (166) 0.231
Who makes decisions about money at home
 Me 8 (19) 13 (21) 0.190
 My wife 3 (6) 4 (7)
 Both of us 89 (208) 82 (136)