Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic characteristics of exposed versus unexposed men at end line (n = 435)

From: Evaluation of the Responsible, Engaged, and Loving (REAL) Fathers Initiative on Physical Child Punishment and Intimate Partner Violence in Northern Uganda

  Exposed
(n = 256)
% (n)
Unexposed
(n = 179)
% (n)
p value
Age (mean years) 23 23 0.085
Education
 Lower primary 34 (86) 31 (56) 0.613
 Upper primary or higher 66 (170) 69 (123)
Employment
 Farming 89 (227) 88 (158) 0.825
 Self-employed 4 (11) 6 (10)
 Work for employer 5 (12) 3 (6)
 Work for family 4 (9) 2 (5)
Payment of bride price
 No consent of family/agree to bride price 34 (86) 31 (56) 0.821
 Partially or completely paid 66 (170) 69 (123)
Childhood experiences
 Witnessed violence at home as a child (often or sometimes) 74 (188) 72 (128) 0.627
 Threatened with physical punishment as a child (often or sometimes) 80 (202) 70 (124) 0.019
 Experienced physical violence as a child (often or sometimes) 91 (231) 86 (153) 0.140
 Parented by father 59 (149) 52 (93) 0.186
Use of a family planning method 43 (111) 37 (67) 0.216
Wife’s age (mean years)
Among men who know wife’s age (n = 171)
21 20 0.169
Wife’s education
 Lower primary 16 (38) 19 (32) 0.432
 Upper primary and higher 84 (201) 81 (137)
 Never attended school 6 (15) 8 (20)
Child’s age (mean years) 3 3 0.560
Child’s sex (girl) 47 (120) 53 (95) 0.203
Biological father of child 99 (254) 98 (176) 0.389
Who makes decisions about money at home
 Me 13 (32) 13 (24) 0.783
 My wife 3 (8) 4 (7)
 Both of us 84 (214) 81 (145)