The Role of Integrated Knowledge Translation in Intervention Research


DOI: 10.1007/s11121-015-0564-9

Cite this article as:
Wathen, C.N. & MacMillan, H.L. Prev Sci (2015). doi:10.1007/s11121-015-0564-9


There is widespread recognition across the full range of applied research disciplines, including health and social services, about the challenges of integrating scientifically derived research evidence into policy and/or practice decisions. These “disconnects” or “knowledge-practice gaps” between research production and use have spawned a new research field, most commonly known as either “implementation science” or “knowledge translation.” The present paper will review key concepts in this area, with a particular focus on “integrated knowledge translation” (IKT)—which focuses on researcher-knowledge user partnership—in the area of mental health and prevention of violence against women and children using case examples from completed and ongoing work. A key distinction is made between the practice of KT (disseminating, communicating, etc.), and the science of KT, i.e., research regarding effective KT approaches. We conclude with a discussion of the relevance of IKT for mental health intervention research with children and adolescents.


Implementation science Knowledge translation Integrated knowledge translation Evidence-based practice Child mental health Violence prevention 

Copyright information

© Society for Prevention Research 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Information & Media StudiesThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural NeuroscienceMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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