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Prevention Science

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 300–313 | Cite as

The Developmental Impact of Two First Grade Preventive Interventions on Aggressive/Disruptive Behavior in Childhood and Adolescence: An Application of Latent Transition Growth Mixture Modeling

  • Hanno PetrasEmail author
  • Katherine Masyn
  • Nick Ialongo
Article

Abstract

We examine the impact of two universal preventive interventions in first grade on the growth of aggressive/disruptive behavior in grades 1–3 and 6–12 through the application of a latent transition growth mixture model (LT-GMM). Both the classroom-centered and family-centered interventions were designed to reduce the risk for later conduct problems by enhancing the child behavior management practices of teachers and parents, respectively. We first modeled growth trajectories in each of the two time periods with separate GMMs. We then associated latent trajectory classes of aggressive/disruptive behavior across the two time periods using a transition model for the corresponding latent class variables. Subsequently, we tested whether the interventions had direct effects on trajectory class membership in grades 1–3 and 6–12. For males, both the classroom-centered and family-centered interventions had significant direct effects on trajectory class membership in grades 6–12, whereas only the classroom-centered intervention had a significant effect on class membership in grades 1–3. Significant direct effects for females were confined to grades 1–3 for the classroom-centered intervention. Further analyses revealed that both the classroom-centered and family-centered intervention males were significantly more likely than control males to transition from the high trajectory class in grades 1–3 to a low class in grades 6–12. Effects for females in classroom-centered interventions went in the hypothesized direction but did not reach significance.

Keywords

Latent transition Growth mixture Aggression Conduct problems Prevention 

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Copyright information

© Society for Prevention Research 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.JBS International, Inc.North BethesdaUSA
  2. 2.Harvard Graduate School of EducationHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mental Health, Bloomberg School of Public HealthJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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