A Controlled Trial of Web-Based Feedback for Heavy Drinking College Students
- 1.3k Downloads
AbstractObjective: Alcohol consumption has been a growing concern at U.S. colleges, particularly among first-year students, who are at increased risk for problems. This study tested the efficacy of the “electronic Check-Up to Go” (e-CHUG), a commercially-available internet program, at reducing drinking among a group of at-risk college freshman. Method: The design was a randomized controlled trial: 106 freshmen students who reported heavy episodic drinking were randomly assigned to receive feedback or to assessment only. Assessment measures were completed at baseline, 8 weeks, and 16 weeks. Results: At 8 weeks, the feedback group showed a significant decrease in drinks per week and peak BAC over control. By 16 weeks, the control group also declined to a point where there were no differences between groups. Changes in normative drinking estimates mediated the effect of the intervention. An additional 245 abstainers and light drinkers who were also randomized to condition did not show any intervention effect. Conclusions: This study provides preliminary support for the efficacy of this intervention at reducing short-term drinking among at-risk students.
KeywordsAlcohol Brief intervention Web College students
This project was supported by a PRIME grant from the University of Texas School of Public Health.
- Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York, NY: Freeman.Google Scholar
- Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
- Grabosky, P. N. (1996). Unintended consequences of crime prevention. In R. Homel (Ed.), Politics and practice of situational crime prevention. Crime Prevention Studies, vol. 5.Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press.Google Scholar
- Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., & Bachman, J. G. (2000). National survey results on drug use from the monitoring the future study, 1975–1999. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse.Google Scholar
- Marlatt, G. A., Baer, J. S., Kivlahan, D. R., Dimeff, L. A., Larimer, M. E., & Quigley, L. A. (1998). Screening and brief intervention for high-risk college student drinkers: Results from a 2-year follow-up assessment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66(4), 604–615.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Miller, W. R., & Rollnick, S. (2002). Motivational interviewing: Preparing people for change (2nd ed.).New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
- Rubin, D. B. (1987) Multiple imputation for nonresponse in surveys. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.Google Scholar
- Schafer, J. L. (1997). Analysis of incomplete multivariate data. New York: Chapman & Hall.Google Scholar
- Wechsler, H., Lee, J. E., Kuo, M., Seibring, M., Nelson, T. F., & Lee, H. (2002). Trends in college binge drinking during a period of increased prevention efforts: Findings from four Harvard School of Public Health College Alcohol Study surveys:1993–2001. Journal of American College Health, 50(5), 203–217.PubMedGoogle Scholar