Skip to main content

Advertisement

Log in

Where Public School Students in Illinois Get Cigarettes and Alcohol: Characteristics of Minors Who Use Different Sources

  • Published:
Prevention Science Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The current study examined demographic, behavior, belief, and social influence characteristics of adolescents who use various means to get cigarettes and alcohol. Spring 1998 survey participants were 7,302 6th, 8th, and 10th grade public school students from throughout Illinois, who self-identified as tobacco smokers and/or alcohol drinkers. The sample was not random, but closely matched the demographic composition of the state. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the effect of each independent variable on each of the cigarette sources and each of the alcohol sources. For both cigarettes and alcohol, adolescents used commercial sources far less than they did social sources such as family and friends. Also, older adolescents and those who are heavier and more entrenched smokers or drinkers were more likely to use both commercial and social sources. Other factors related to use of various sources included beliefs, social influences, and environmental influences. These findings have many implications for intervention, especially by parents and policymakers, and suggest an increased emphasis on social sources adolescents use to obtain cigarettes and alcohol.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • L. U., Aday (1996). Designing and conducting health surveys: A comprehensive guide (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

    Google Scholar 

  • D. G., Altman, A. Y., Wheelis, McFarlane, M., Lee, H., & Fortmann, S. P. (1999). The relationship between tobacco access and use among adolescents: A four community study. Social Science and Medicine, 48, 759–775.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • American Legacy Foundation. (2000). Youth access to cigarettes:Results from the 1999 National Youth Tobacco Survey (Legacy FirstLook Rep. No. 5). Washington, DC: Author.

  • Bauman, A., & Phongsavan, P. (1999). Epidemiology of substance use in adolescence: Prevalence, trends, and policy implications. Drug Alcohol Dependence, 55, 187–207.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (1996). Tobacco use andusual source of cigarettes among high school students—United States,1995. Journal of School Health, 66, 222–224.

    Google Scholar 

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2000). Youth risk behavior surveillance—United States, 1999. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 49(SS–5).

  • J. R., DiFranza, R. P., Carlson, & R. E., Caisse (1992). Reducing youth access to tobacco. Tobacco Control, 1, 58.

    Google Scholar 

  • J. R., DiFranza, J. J., Eddy, L. F., Brown, J. L., Ryan, & Bogojavlensky, A. (1994). Tobacco acquisition and cigarette brand selection among youth. Tobacco Control, 3, 334–338.

    Google Scholar 

  • J. L., Forster, & Wolfson, M. (1998). Youth access to tobacco: Policies and politics. Annual Review of Public Health, 19, 203–235.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • J. L., Forster, D. M., Murray, Wolfson, M., & A. C., Wagenaar (1995). Commercial availability of alcohol to young people: Results of alcohol purchase attempts. Preventive Medicine, 24, 342–347.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • J. L., Forster, Wolfson, M., D. M., Murray, A. C., Wagenaar, & A. J., Claxton (1997). Perceived and measured availability of tobacco to youths in 14 Minnesota communities: The TPOP Study. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 13, 167–174.

    Google Scholar 

  • J. L., Forster, D. M., Murray, Wolfson, M., T. M., Blaine, A. C., Wagenaar, & D. J., Hennrikus (1998). The effects of community policies to reduce youth access to tobacco. American Journal of Public Health, 88, 1193–1198.

    Google Scholar 

  • S. A., Glanz (1996). Preventing tobacco use: The youth access trap. American Journal of Public Health, 86, 156–158.

    Google Scholar 

  • E. J., Gratias, D. P., Krowchuk, M. R., Lawless, & R. H., Durant (1999). Middle school students’ sources of acquiring cigarettes and requests for proof of age. Journal of Adolescent Health, 25, 276–283.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • P. A., Harrison, J. A., Fulkerson, & Park, E. (2000). The relative importance of social versus commercial sources in youth access to tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs. Preventive Medicine, 31, 39–48.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • J. D., Hawkins, R. F., Catalano, & J. Y., Miller (1992). Risk and protective factors for alcohol and drug use in adolescence and early adulthood: Implications for substance abuse prevention. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 64–105.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • M. W., Hinds (1992). Impact of a local ordinance banning tobacco sales to minors. Public Health Reports, 107, 355–358.

    Google Scholar 

  • Illinois Bureau of Substance Abuse Prevention. (1998). IllinoisCommunities CAN! School Youth Survey. Springfield, IL: Author .

  • Illinois State Board of Education. (n.d.). Quick stats1999–2000. Retrieved October 17, 2001, fromhttp://www.isbe.state.il.us/research/broch00.htm.

  • L. A., Jason, P. Y., Ji, M. D., Anes, & S. H., Birkhead (1991). Active enforcement of cigarette control laws in the prevention of cigarette sales to minors. Journal of the American Medical Association, 266, 3159–3161.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • L. A., Jason, Berk, M., Schnopp-Wyatt, D. L., & Talbot, B. (1999a). Effects of enforcement of youth access laws on smoking prevalence. American Journal of Community Psychology, 27, 143–160.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • L. A., Jason, Katz, R., Vavra, J., Schnopp-Wyatt, D. L., & Talbot, B. (1999b). Long-term follow-up of youth access to tobacco laws’ impact on smoking prevalence. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 2(3), 1–13.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • L. D., Johnston, J. G., Bachman, & O’Malley, P. M. (1999). Monitoring the future. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.

    Google Scholar 

  • R. K., Lewis, Paine-Andrews, A., S. B., Fawcett, V. T., Francisco, K. P., Richter, Copple, B. & J. E., Copple (1996). Evaluating the effects of a community coalition’s efforts to reduce illegal sales of alcohol and tobacco products to minors. Journal of Community Health, 21, 429–436.

    Google Scholar 

  • J. A., Pollard, J. D., Hawkins, & M. W., Arthur (1999). Risk and protection: Are both necessary to understand diverse behavioral outcomes in adolescence? Social Work Research, 23, 145–158.

    Google Scholar 

  • N. A., Rigotti, J. R., DiFranza, Chang, Y., Tisdale, T., Kemp, B., & D. E., Singer (1997). The effect of enforcing tobacco-sales laws on adolescents’ access to tobacco and smoking behavior. New England Journal of Medicine, 337, 1044–1051.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • L. A., Robinson, R. C., Klesges, & S. M., Zbikowski (1998). Gender and ethnic differences in young adolescents’ sources of cigarettes. Tobacco Control, 7, 353–359.

    Google Scholar 

  • L. F., Stead, & Lancaster, T. (2000). A systematic review of interventions for preventing tobacco sales to minors. Tobacco Control, 9, 169–176.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • U.S. Bureau of the Census. (2000). Projections of the total population of states: 1995 to 2025. Washington, DC: Author.

  • A. C., Wagenaar, J. R., Finnegan, Wolfson, M., P. S., Anstine, C. L., Williams, & C. L., Perry (1993). Where and how adolescents obtain alcoholic beverages. Public Health Reports, 108, 459–464.

    Google Scholar 

  • A. C., Wagenaar, T. L., Toomey, D. M., Murray, B. J., Short, Wolfson, M., & Jones-Webb, R. (1996). Sources of alcohol for underage drinkers. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 57, 325–333.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wolfson, M., J. L., Forster, A. J., Claxton, & D. M., Murray (1997). Adolescent smokers’ provision of tobacco to other adolescents. American Journal of Public Health, 87, 649–651.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Sunyna S. Williams.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Williams, S.S., Mulhall, P.F. Where Public School Students in Illinois Get Cigarettes and Alcohol: Characteristics of Minors Who Use Different Sources. Prev Sci 6, 47–57 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-005-1252-y

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-005-1252-y

Navigation