Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 136, Issue 2, pp 257–267 | Cite as

Toward Escherichia coli bacteria machine for water oxidation

  • Mohammad Mahdi Najafpour
  • Navid Jameei Moghaddam
  • Leila Hassani
  • Robabeh Bagheri
  • Zhenlun Song
  • Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev
Original Article


Nature uses a Mn oxide-based catalyst for water oxidation in plants, algae, and cyanobacteria. Mn oxides are among major candidates to be used as water-oxidizing catalysts. Herein, we used two straightforward and promising methods to form Escherichia coli bacteria/Mn oxide compounds. In one of the methods, the bacteria template was intact after the reaction. The catalysts were characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction spectrometry. Electrochemical properties of the catalysts were studied, and attributed redox potentials were assigned. The water oxidation of the compounds was examined under electrochemical condition. Linear sweep voltammetry showed that the onsets of water oxidation in our experimental condition for bacteria and Escherichia coli bacteria/Mn oxide were 1.68 and 1.56 V versus the normal hydrogen electrode (NHE), respectively. Thus, the presence of Mn oxide in the catalyst significantly decreased (~ 120 mV) the overpotential needed for water oxidation.


Bacteria Catalyst Hydrogen Manganese oxide Water oxidation 



The authors are grateful to the Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences and Iran National Science Foundation for the financial support. The reported study was funded by grant RFBR-Iran according to the joint research Project Nos. 17-54-560012, 96003636 supported by Russian Foundation for Basic Research and by Iran National Science Foundation (INSF).

Supplementary material

11120_2018_499_MOESM1_ESM.doc (2.5 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 2593 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Mahdi Najafpour
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Navid Jameei Moghaddam
    • 1
  • Leila Hassani
    • 4
  • Robabeh Bagheri
    • 5
  • Zhenlun Song
    • 5
  • Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev
    • 6
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
    • 10
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryInstitute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS)ZanjanIran
  2. 2.Center of Climate Change and Global WarmingInstitute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS)ZanjanIran
  3. 3.Research Center for Basic Sciences and Modern Technologies (RBST)Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS)ZanjanIran
  4. 4.Department of Biological SciencesInstitute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS)ZanjanIran
  5. 5.Surface Protection Research Group, Surface Department, Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and EngineeringChinese Academy of SciencesNingboChina
  6. 6.Controlled Photobiosynthesis Laboratory, Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  7. 7.Institute of Basic Biological ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia
  8. 8.Department of Plant Physiology, Faculty of BiologyM.V. Lomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  9. 9.Moscow Institute of Physics and TechnologyDolgoprudnyRussia
  10. 10.Bionanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Molecular Biology and BiotechnologyAzerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan

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