André Tridon Jagendorf (1926–2017): a personal tribute

Abstract

We present here our tribute to an outstanding unique scientist, a pioneer of plant biochemistry, best known for his seminal ground-breaking discoveries related to electron and proton transport, and their intimate relation to ATP synthesis in chloroplasts. His dedication and in-depth understanding of science was matched by his humor. Here, we offer a modest précis of his life and research. We have also included Reminiscences from: Leonard Fish, Eric Larson, Donald Ort, Thomas Owens, and Robert Turgeon.

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Fig. 1

Source Craig Cramer (2017) available at: http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/2017/03/andr-jagendorf-pioneering-plant-biologist-dies-90

Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

Source from the personal collection of Govindjee. For a tribute to Kok, see Myers (1987); and for a tribute to Clayton, see Wraight (2014)

Fig. 5
Fig. 6

Source from the personal collection of Wolfgang Junge

Fig. 7
Fig. 8

References

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  2. Axelrod B, Jagendorf AT (1951) The fate of phosphatase, invertase, and peroxidase in autolyzing leaves. Plant Physiol 26:406–410

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Acknowledgements

The above text is based on my earlier presentation (see Supplementary Material) which is also available at: http://vlpbp.org/ltaawardJagendorf2012govindjeetestimonial.pdf as well as on my honor page on my web site at: http://www.life.illinois.edu/govindjee/honorsfrom.html. I thank Jean Jagendorf, Robert Turgeon, Wolfgang Junge & Constantin (Tino) Rebeiz for providing me most of the photographs used in this paper, and for supporting me in the preparation of this manuscript. I am grateful to Leonard (Len) Fish, Eric M. Larson, Donald R. Ort, Thomas G. Owens, and Robert Turgeon for providing me their reminiscences. Further, Tom Owens and Don Ort checked carefully the language and punctuations in this manuscript. I also thank Dominick Paolillo for alerting me to the sad news of André s death. Edward Cobb, Craig Cramer, and Randy Wayne, all at Cornell University, helped me in obtaining the photograph in Fig. 1; Figs. 2, and 3 were scanned by Robert H. Silsbee. I thank Rajni Govindjee for reading this Tribute and for her support during its preparation. My very special thanks go to Jean Jagendorf and André’s daughters, Suzanne and Judy, for reading and approving the content of this Tribute.

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Correspondence to Govindjee.

Additional information

Read and approved for publication by Terry M. Bricker, Editor-in-Chief, Photosynthesis Research.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (PDF 10639 KB)

Appendices

Appendix 1: A chronological list of selected publications of André Jagendorf (1950s–1990s)

1950s

  • Axelrod B, Jagendorf AT (1951) The fate of phosphatase, invertase, and peroxidase in autolyzing leaves. Plant Physiol 26: 406–410

  • Jagendorf AT, Wildman SG (1954) The proteins of green leaves. VI. Centrifugal fractionation of tobacco leaf homogenates and some properties of isolated chloroplasts. Plant Physiol 29: 270–279

  • Jagendorf AT (1955) Purification of chloroplasts by a density technique. Plant Physiol 30: 138–143

  • Avron (Abramsky) M, Jagendorf AT (1956) A TPNH diaphorase from chloroplasts. Arch Biochem Biophys 65: 475–490

  • Jagendorf AT (1956) Oxidation and reduction of pyridine nucleotides by purified chloroplasts. Arch Biochem Biophys 62: 141–150

  • Avron M, Jagendorf AT (1957) An extractable factor in photosynthetic phosphorylation. Nature 179: 428–429

  • Avron M, Krogmann DW, Jagendorf AT (1958) The relation of photosynthetic phosphorylation to the Hill reaction. Biochim Biophys Acta 30: 144–153

  • Jagendorf AT, Avron M (1958) Co-factors and rates of photosynthetic phosphorylation by spinach chloroplasts. J Biol Chem 231: 277–290

  • Avron M, Jagendorf AT (1959) Evidence concerning the mechanism of ATP formation by spinach chloroplasts. J Biol Chem 234: 967–972

  • Krogmann DW Jagendorf AT, Avron M (1959) Uncouplers of spinach chloroplast photosynthetic phosphorylation. Plant Physiol 34: 272–277

1960s

  • Jagendorf AT (1961) Photophosphorylation and the Hill reaction. Nature 191: 679–680

  • Jagendorf AT (1962) Biochemistry of energy transformations during photosynthesis. In: Glass HB (ed) Survey of Biological Progress, Vol IV, pp 181–344. Academic Press, New York

  • Jagendorf AT, Smith M (1962) Uncoupling phosphorylation in spinach chloroplasts by absence of cations. Plant Physiol 37: 135–141

  • Hind G, Jagendorf AT (1963) Separation of light and dark stages in photophosphorylation. Proc Nat Acad Sci USA 49: 715–722

  • Jagendorf AT and Hind G (1963) Studies on the mechanism of photophosphorylation, In: Kok B and Jagendorf AT (eds) Photosynthetic Mechanisms of Green Plants, pp 599–610. Publication 1145 of National Academy of Sciences–National Research Council, Washington, DC

  • Jagendorf AT, Patchornik A, Sela M (1963) Use of antibody bound to modified cellulose as an immunospecific adsorbent of antigens. Biochim Biophys Acta 78: 516–528

  • Neumann J and Jagendorf AT (1964) Light-induced pH changes related to phosphorylation by chloroplasts. Arch Biochem Biophys 107: 109–119

  • Hind G, Jagendorf AT (1965) Light scattering changes associated with the production of a possible intermediate in photophosphorylation. J Biol Chem 240: 3195–3201

  • Jagendorf AT, Neumann J (1965) Effect of uncouplers on the light-induced pH rise with spinach chloroplasts. J Biol Chem 240: 3210–3214

  • Jagendorf AT, Uribe E (1966) ATP formation caused by acid base transition of spinach chloroplasts. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 55: 170–177

  • Kaplan J, Uribe E, Jagendorf AT (1967) ATP hydrolysis caused by acid-base transition of spinach chloroplasts. Arch Biochem Biophys 20: 365–375

  • Uribe E, Jagendorf AT (1967a) Organic acid specificity for acid induced ATP synthesis by isolated chloroplasts. Plant Physiol 42: 706–711

  • Uribe E, Jagendorf AT (1967b) On the localization of organic acids in acid-induced ATP synthesis. Plant Physiol 42: 697–705

1970s

  • Miles CD, Jagendorf AT (1970) Evaluation of electron transport as the basis of ATP synthesis after acid-base transition by spinach chloroplasts. Biochemistry 9: 429–434

  • Polya GM, Jagendorf AT (1971) Wheat leaf RNA polymerases. I. Partial purification and characterization of nuclear, chloroplast and soluble DNA-dependent enzymes. Arch Biochem Biophys 146: 635–648

  • Ryrie I, Jagendorf AT (1971) An energy-linked conformational change in the coupling factor protein in chloroplasts. Studies with hydrogen exchange. J Biol Chem 246: 3771–3774

  • Ryrie I, Jagendorf AT (1972) Correlation between a conformational change in the coupling factor protein and the high energy state in chloroplasts. J Biol Chem 247: 4453–4459

  • Gooding L, Roy H, Jagendorf AT (1973) Immunological identification of nascent subunits of wheat ribulose diphosphate carboxylase on ribosomes of both chloroplast and cytoplasmic origin. Arch Biochem Biophys 159: 324–335

  • Grebanier AE, Jagendorf AT (1977) Lack of specificity of spinach chloroplast coupling factor one. Biochim Biophys Acta 459: 1–9

  • Binder A Jagendorf AT, Ngo E (1978) Isolation and composition of the subunits of spinach chloroplast coupling factor protein. J Biol Chem 253: 3094–3100

1980s

  • Telfer A, Barber J, Jagendorf AT (1980) Electrostatic control of chloroplast coupling factor binding to thylakoid membranes as indicated by cation effects on electron transport and reconstitution of photophosphorylation Biochim Biophys Acta 591: 331–34

  • Fish, LE, Jagendorf AT (1982) High rates of protein synthesis by isolated chloroplasts. Plant Physiol 70: 1107–1114

  • Anthon GE, Jagendorf AT (1983) Effect of methanol on spinach thylakoid ATPase. Biochim Biophys Acta 723: 358–365

  • Fish LE, Deshaies R, Jagendorf AT (1983) A Mg2+ requirement for rapid ATP driven protein synthesis by intact pea chloroplasts. Plant Sci Lett 31: 139–146

  • Liu X-Q, Jagendorf AT (1984) ATP-dependent proteolysis in pea chloroplasts. FEBS Lett 166: 248–252

  • Doremus HD, Jagendorf AT (1985) Subcellular localization of the pathway of de novo pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthesis in pea leaves. Plant Physiol 79: 856–861

  • Anthon GE, Jagendorf AT (1986) Evidence for multiple effects in the methanol activation of chloroplast coupling factor one. Biochim Biophys Acta 848: 92–98

  • Larson EM, Jagendorf AT (1989) Sulfite stimulation of chloroplast coupling factor ATPase. Biochim Biophys Acta 973: 67–77

  • Larson EM, Umbach AL and Jagendorf AT (1989) Sulfite stimulated release of (3H)-ADP bound to chloroplast thylakoid ATPase. Biochim Biophys Acta 973: 78–85

1990s

  • Jagendorf AT, McCarty RE, Robertson D (1991) Coupling factor components: structure and function. In: Bogorad L and Vasil IK (eds) Cell Culture and Somatic Cell Genetics of Plants, Vol 7B, pp 225–254. Academic Press, New York

  • Cerutti H, Osman M, Grandoni P, Jagendorf AT (1992) A homolog of Escherichia coli RecA protein in plastids of higher plants. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89: 8068–8072

  • Binet M-N, Osman M, Jagendorf AT (1993) Genomic nucleotide sequence of a gene from Arabidopsis thaliana encoding a protein homolog of E. coli RecA. Plant Physiol 103 (2): 673–674

  • Bushnell TP, Bushnell D, Jagendorf AT (1993) A purified zinc protease of pea chloroplasts, EP1, degrades the large subunit of Rubisco. Plant Physiol 103: 585–591

  • Cerutti H, Jagendorf AT (1993) DNA strand transfer activity in pea (Pisum sativum) chloroplasts. Plant Physiol 102: 145–153

  • Chen GG, Jagendorf AT (1994) Chloroplast molecular chaperone-assisted refolding and reconstitution of an active multi-subunit CF1 core. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 91: 11497–11501

  • Cerutti H, Jagendorf AT (1995) Movement of DNA across the chloroplast envelope: Implications for the transfer of promiscuous DNA. Photosynth Res 46: 329–337

  • Zhang S, Jagendorf AT (1995) Some unique characteristics of thylakoid unisite ATPase. J Biol Chem 270: 6607–6614

  • Cao J, Combs C, Jagendorf AT (1997) The chloroplast-located homolog of bacterial DNA recombinase. Plant Cell Physiol 38: 1319–1325

  • Jagendorf AT (1998) Chance, luck and photosynthesis research – an inside story. Photosynthesis Res 57: 215–229

Appendix 2: December 4, 2016 e-mail of Jagendorf to Govindjee

[It reflects the way André lived and thought during the last phase of his life: full of details, ideas, hope, and even discussion of lab research.]

Subject:

Re: Congratulations on turning 90

From:

“Andre Jagendorf” <atj1@cornell.edu>

Date:

Sun, December 4, 2016 21:11

To:

“Govindjee” <gov@life.illinois.edu>

Priority:

Normal Gov:

This Sunday is a busy day for us: I make a large breakfast, which we eat between 10:45 and 12:00 [noon]. After freshening up and helping with the dishes, I go up to the main building and water plants in two of the common rooms. Then I collect our dinner from the main dining room, go home, take a nap. Then we leave at 3:00 [PM] to be up to get the bus which loads at 3:20; after waiting for everyone to come it takes us to the Kitchen Theater for a play (today’s—a frenetic one man show called “Death Boogie”). Getting home I get supper ready and we eat, then watch a Netflix episode (a series, in Danish, called “Borgen”—all about Danish politics and the problems of a woman Prime Minister). Finally we settle down for the evening and I get to look at my Emails.

Yes, I was 90 on October 21. Didn’t think I would make it. ……In May I started eating the leaves of Houttuynia cordata, an herbal remedy in China and India that’s supposed to cure almost everything. Anyway everyone, including myself, is surprised that I’ve hit a steady state (low, but bearable) level this long. I’m still working on trying to purify and identify the mysterious factor in xylem sap that helps discs from mature tobacco leaves grow (in 8 days) to 10 to 15 times their original fresh weight.

We hope all is well with you.

Best regards,

André

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Govindjee André Tridon Jagendorf (1926–2017): a personal tribute. Photosynth Res 132, 235–243 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11120-017-0380-0

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Keywords

  • ATP
  • Chemiosmosis
  • Proton gradient
  • Photophosphorylation