Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 125, Issue 1–2, pp 329–340 | Cite as

Cyanofuels: biofuels from cyanobacteria. Reality and perspectives

  • Fariza Sarsekeyeva
  • Bolatkhan K. Zayadan
  • Aizhan Usserbaeva
  • Vladimir S. Bedbenov
  • Maria A. Sinetova
  • Dmitry A. LosEmail author


Cyanobacteria are represented by a diverse group of microorganisms that, by virtue of being a part of marine and freshwater phytoplankton, significantly contribute to the fixation of atmospheric carbon via photosynthesis. It is assumed that ancient cyanobacteria participated in the formation of earth’s oil deposits. Biomass of modern cyanobacteria may be converted into bio-oil by pyrolysis. Modern cyanobacteria grow fast; they do not compete for agricultural lands and resources; they efficiently convert excessive amounts of CO2 into biomass, thus participating in both carbon fixation and organic chemical production. Many cyanobacterial species are easier to genetically manipulate than eukaryotic algae and other photosynthetic organisms. Thus, the cyanobacterial photosynthesis may be directed to produce carbohydrates, fatty acids, or alcohols as renewable sources of biofuels. Here we review the recent achievements in the developments and production of cyanofuels—biofuels produced from cyanobacterial biomass.


Biofuels Biomass Cyanobacteria Cyanofuels Fatty acids Photosynthesis 



Acyl carrier protein




Fatty acid


Free fatty acid


Photosynthetic machinery





This work was supported by a Grant from the Russian Science Foundation (No. 14-24-00020) to DAL and by a Grant from the Ministry of Education and Science, Republic of Kazakhstan (No. 1582/GF4) to BKZ. The authors are grateful to Prof. Vladimir I. Kupriyanov (Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, Thammasat University, Thailand) for critical comments on the manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fariza Sarsekeyeva
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bolatkhan K. Zayadan
    • 2
  • Aizhan Usserbaeva
    • 2
  • Vladimir S. Bedbenov
    • 1
  • Maria A. Sinetova
    • 1
  • Dmitry A. Los
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and BiotechnologyAl-Farabi Kazakh National UniversityAlmatyKazakhstan

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