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Phycobilisome: architecture of a light-harvesting supercomplex

Abstract

The phycobilisome (PBS) is an extra-membrane supramolecular complex composed of many chromophore (bilin)-binding proteins (phycobiliproteins) and linker proteins, which generally are colorless. PBS collects light energy of a wide range of wavelengths, funnels it to the central core, and then transfers it to photosystems. Although phycobiliproteins are evolutionarily related to each other, the binding of different bilin pigments ensures the ability to collect energy over a wide range of wavelengths. Spatial arrangement and functional tuning of the different phycobiliproteins, which are mediated primarily by linker proteins, yield PBS that is efficient and versatile light-harvesting systems. In this review, we discuss the functional and spatial tuning of phycobiliproteins with a focus on linker proteins.

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Abbreviations

AP:

Allophycocyanin

PBP:

Phycobiliprotein

PBS:

Phycobilisome

PC:

Phycocyanin

PCB:

Phycocyanobilin

PE:

Phycoerythrin

PEB:

Phycoerythrobilin

PEC:

Phycoerythrocyanin

PUB:

Phycourobilin

PVB:

Phycoviolobilin

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Correspondence to Masahiko Ikeuchi.

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Watanabe, M., Ikeuchi, M. Phycobilisome: architecture of a light-harvesting supercomplex. Photosynth Res 116, 265–276 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11120-013-9905-3

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Keywords

  • Linker
  • Membrane linker
  • Phycobilisome
  • Molecular skeleton