Chlorophyll d and Acaryochloris marina: current status

Abstract

The discovery of the chlorophyll d-containing cyanobacterium Acaryochloris marina in 1996 precipitated a shift in our understanding of oxygenic photosynthesis. The presence of the red-shifted chlorophyll d in the reaction centre of the photosystems of Acaryochloris has opened up new avenues of research on photosystem energetics and challenged the unique status of chlorophyll a in oxygenic photosynthesis. In this review, we detail the chemistry and role of chlorophyll d in photosynthesis and summarise the unique adaptations that have allowed the proliferation of Acaryochloris in diverse ecological niches around the world.

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Abbreviations

Acaryochloris :

Acaryochloris marina

APC:

Allophycocyanin

Chl:

Chlorophyll

EPR:

Electron paramagnetic resonance

ESE:

Electron spin echo

FTIR:

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

ORF:

Open reading frame

PBP:

Phycobiliprotein

PC:

Phycocyanin

PE:

Phycoerythrin

PEC:

Phycoerythrocyanin

Phe:

Pheophytin

PS:

Photosystem

QA :

The primary quinine electron acceptor of photosystem II

YZ :

Redox-active tyrosine in photosystem II

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Acknowledgments

MC holds Australia Research Council Future Fellowship. YL thanks Ms Yaqiong Li for her helps for 16 s rDNA sequence alignment and phylogentic analysis.

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Correspondence to Min Chen.

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Loughlin, P., Lin, Y. & Chen, M. Chlorophyll d and Acaryochloris marina: current status. Photosynth Res 116, 277–293 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11120-013-9829-y

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Keywords

  • Chlorophylls
  • Chlorophyll d
  • Acaryochloris marina
  • Photosynthesis