Photosynthesis Research

, Volume 116, Issue 2–3, pp 277–293 | Cite as

Chlorophyll d and Acaryochloris marina: current status



The discovery of the chlorophyll d-containing cyanobacterium Acaryochloris marina in 1996 precipitated a shift in our understanding of oxygenic photosynthesis. The presence of the red-shifted chlorophyll d in the reaction centre of the photosystems of Acaryochloris has opened up new avenues of research on photosystem energetics and challenged the unique status of chlorophyll a in oxygenic photosynthesis. In this review, we detail the chemistry and role of chlorophyll d in photosynthesis and summarise the unique adaptations that have allowed the proliferation of Acaryochloris in diverse ecological niches around the world.


Chlorophylls Chlorophyll d Acaryochloris marina Photosynthesis 



Acaryochloris marina






Electron paramagnetic resonance


Electron spin echo


Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy


Open reading frame














The primary quinine electron acceptor of photosystem II


Redox-active tyrosine in photosystem II


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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Biological Sciences (A08)University of SydneySydneyAustralia

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