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The acceptability of road pricing in Vienna: the preference patterns of car drivers

Abstract

The acceptability of road pricing has attracted considerable attention among researchers over the last decade, as is evident in the amount of literature about transport and environmental economics. The general conclusion from these studies has been that there is low acceptability for road pricing among car users. In this paper, we add more knowledge to the existing literature by conducting an acceptability study of road pricing in Vienna, where such a study has never been conducted before. We used a replication study approach where a previous approach used in the EU research project AFFORD (acceptability of fiscal and financial measures and organisational requirements for demand management) was replicated for Vienna and further supplemented with a conjoint analysis. In order to examining whether the Vienna study confirms previous findings. We investigated the acceptability of two concrete policy packages factors influencing this acceptability, and preference patterns that can be used in designing a road pricing policy for Vienna. The survey reveals a higher acceptability if road pricing schemes lead to perceived personal benefits. According to the multivariate analyses, the “personal outcome expectations”, “social norm” and “perceived effectiveness” variables account for more than 50 % of the criterion variance and therefore these are the most influential factors. Road pricing schemes can be an effective transport management instrument for a city particularly if they are associated with direct investment in public transport and public infrastructure. Thus, personal benefits can be perceived more easily and direct effects can be expected.

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Acknowledgments

We thank Prof. James Odeck for his constructive criticism and helpful suggestions.

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Correspondence to Maria Dieplinger.

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Fürst, E.W.M., Dieplinger, M. The acceptability of road pricing in Vienna: the preference patterns of car drivers. Transportation 41, 765–784 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11116-013-9485-2

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Keywords

  • Road pricing
  • Acceptability
  • Attitudes
  • Vienna