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A bikeway network design model for urban areas


This work develops a bikeway network design model for cycling in urban areas. The objectives of the proposed model are to minimize cyclist risk, maximize cyclist comfort, maximize service coverage for residents, and minimize the impact of the bikeway on existing traffic. The proposed model considers the following constraints: bikeway type, monetary budgets, path continuities, and value ranges of decision variables. Grey numbers are employed to deal with parameter uncertainties, and the proposed model is developed as a multi-objective grey 0–1 programming problem. A case study of the Xinyi District, Taipei City, is conducted. The grey one-stage algorithm is applied to solve this problem. In total, six non-dominated alternatives are generated for the case study. In comparing model alternatives with the existing network, this work confirms that the existing biking network prioritizes cyclist comfort. Scenario analyses indicate that maintaining the lower bound of the length percentage of wooded areas at 20–40 % generates better performance than that of the other scenarios, while decreasing the number of traffic accidents only decreases cyclist risk and does not alter the other objectives. The proposed model is the first network design model for bikeways in literature and will assist bikeway planners in developing alternatives for further evaluation and in developing detailed designs efficiently and systematically.

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This work was supported in part by a grant from the National Science Council in Taiwan (NSC 96-2628-H-305-001-MY3).

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Correspondence to Jen-Jia Lin.



See Fig. 7.

Fig. 7

Bikeway network alternatives of the case study

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Lin, JJ., Yu, CJ. A bikeway network design model for urban areas. Transportation 40, 45–68 (2013).

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  • Bikeway
  • Network design problem
  • Mathematical programming