Public Organization Review

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 581–594 | Cite as

The Global Wave of Refugees and Migrants: Complex Challenges for European Policy Makers



This article reviews the burdensome problem posed by the arrival in the European countries of large number of refugees and migrants from countries at war or with little economic opportunities. It differentiates the issues of migrants (for economic reasons) and refugees (humanitarian grounds). This wave of refugees currently poses huge challenges to European policy makers. The article suggests some policy initiatives that could solve or at least control the present chaos, disorder, and uncertainty created by the arrival of this unprecedented number of refugees.


Migrants Refugees Building fences Political stability 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Florida International UniversityMiamiUSA

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