Public Organization Review

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 481–494 | Cite as

Accountability, Political Views, and Bureaucratic Behavior: A Theoretical Approach

  • Sangyub Ryu
  • Yongjin ChangEmail author


This study has developed a theoretical framework to predict bureaucratic behaviors with career public officials’ political views (whether career public officials agree or disagree with their overhead political principals’ ideology) and bureaucratic accountability (accountability either to the overhead political principals or to the public sentiment) by adopting and extending Hirschman’s (1970) exit, voice, and loyalty model. Given the two conditions, this study has drawn four propositions of possible bureaucratic responses: loyalty; voice; exit; and silence. In addition, the stay scenario is discussed for passive bureaucrats regardless of the two dimensions. By incorporating relevant examples with the propositions, this study expects to contribute to a better understanding of bureaucratic behavior.


Accountability Political views Bureaucratic behavior Exit Voice Loyalty Silence Stay 



We thank two anonymous reviewers and the editor for their constructive comments. We also appreciate Dr. Beryl Radin and Dr. Andy Whitford for their insightful comments. The earlier versions of this work were presented at International Research Society for Public Management Conference and KAPA International Conference in 2015. This work was supported by Hankuk University of Foreign Studies Research Fund and International University of Japan Research Fund.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Public AdministrationHankuk University of Foreign StudiesSeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Public Management and Policy Analysis ProgramInternational University of JapanMinamiuonumaJapan

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