Population Research and Policy Review

, Volume 37, Issue 5, pp 769–793 | Cite as

Parental Leave Take-Up of Fathers in Luxembourg

  • Nevena ZhelyazkovaEmail author
  • Gilbert Ritschard
Original Research


The study uses administrative data from Luxembourg to investigate fathers’ decisions to use parental leave. We focus on two measures of opportunity cost: the difference between the parental leave benefit and the salary of the father and the mean salary growth for a period of 6 months for each father. The first measure captures the direct opportunity cost, while the second is a proxy for foregone promotion opportunities. We use Cox proportional hazards model for the analysis. The results suggest a negative relationship between foregone income and taking parental leave. Surprisingly, salary growth appears to be positively related to the hazard of taking parental leave. Coefficients of control variables are in line with previous findings: fathers are more likely to use parental leave if they work in larger organization and for the first child.


Work–family reconciliation Parental leave Father and parental leave 



This research project has been funded by the National Research Fund, Luxembourg. This paper is based on a PhD dissertation completed at Maastricht University/UNU-MERIT. Valuable feedback for improving this paper has been provided by Joan Muysken at Maastricht University. Isabelle Debourges at IGSS Luxembourg has provided important advice on the data analysis.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universite Paris DauphineParisFrance
  2. 2.NCCR LIVES, University of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland

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