Population and Environment

, Volume 37, Issue 1, pp 99–108 | Cite as

Environmental aspects of internal migration in Tanzania

  • Cristina OcelloEmail author
  • Alessandra Petrucci
  • Maria Rita Testa
  • Daniele Vignoli
Research Brief


In recent years, the issue of the nexus of climate change and human migration has attracted a growing amount of interest among scholars and policy makers. Using individual-level data from the Tanzania National Panel Survey conducted in 2008–2009, we examine the roles played by droughts or floods, crop diseases, and severe water shortages in inter-district migration in Tanzania. Findings reveal that droughts or floods and crop diseases are associated with an overall decrease in the likelihood of inter-district mobility, providing support for the “environmental scarcity” hypothesis. Yet migration becomes a likely response to droughts and floods among individuals with no education suggesting mobility is a key livelihood strategy among those most disadvantaged. Future examination of domestic migration-environment processes at the individual-level is critical for informed policy and programs.


Migration Climate change Environment Tanzania Droughts and floods Crop failure 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cristina Ocello
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  • Alessandra Petrucci
    • 4
  • Maria Rita Testa
    • 2
  • Daniele Vignoli
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of StatisticsUniversity of FlorenceFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Wittgenstein Centre (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, WU), Vienna Institute of DemographyAustrian Academy of SciencesViennaAustria
  3. 3.Clinical and Descriptive Epidemiology UnitCancer Prevention and Research Institute (ISPO)FlorenceItaly
  4. 4.Department of Statistics, Informatics, Applications (DiSIA)University of FlorenceFlorenceItaly

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