Population and Environment

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 341–364 | Cite as

Climate change and internal migration intentions in the forest-savannah transition zone of Ghana

  • Mumuni Abu
  • Samuel Nii Ardey CodjoeEmail author
  • Jon Sward
Original Paper


Migration is at the centre of demographic research on the population–environment nexus. Increasing concerns about the impacts of environmental events on human population are fuelling interest on the relationship between migration and environmental change. Using data from the Climate Change Collective Learning and Observatory Network Ghana project, we employ binary logistic regression to examine migration intentions of households in response to major community stressors including climate-related ones. The results indicate that the type of community stressor that affects households most does not differentiate migration intentions in Ghana’s forest-savannah transition zone: Even though the majority of the respondents mentioned climate-related events as the stressor that affects them the most, such events do not appear to directly explain migration intentions. However, socio-demographic factors such as age, household size and current migration status are significant predictors of migration intentions, with younger household heads, heads of migrant households and heads of smaller households being relatively more likely to have migration intentions than other household heads. We conclude that migration drivers are multifaceted and deserve further research because even in areas with perceived environmental stress, climate-related events may not be the primary motivation for migration intentions.


Climate-related environmental event Migration Forest-savannah Transition zone Ghana 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mumuni Abu
    • 1
  • Samuel Nii Ardey Codjoe
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jon Sward
    • 2
  1. 1.Regional Institute for Population StudiesUniversity of GhanaLegonGhana
  2. 2.University of SussexEast SussexUK

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