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Table 8 Reasons for declines in food and cash crop production by village in Pallisa district, Uganda

From: Drivers of land use change and household determinants of sustainability in smallholder farming systems of Eastern Uganda

Reason for decline in Percent respondents Average χ 2
Chelekura A (n = 25) Onamudian (n = 26) Keria (n = 30)
Food crops
 Soil infertility 84 73 83 80 ***
 Unreliable rainfall 44 54 43 47 ***
 Pests and diseases 8 39 13 20 ***
 Limited land 16 12 23 17 ***
 Lack of improved seed 20 19 0 12 ***
 Inadequate labour 4 4 0 3 Ns
 Lack of knowledge and skills 0 4 0 1 Ns
Cash crops (n = 28) (n = 23) (n = 29) (n = 80)  
 Soil exhaustion 57 57 79 65 Ns
 Lack of agricultural inputs 30 54 14 33 ***
 Pests and diseases 26 36 17 26 ***
 Fluctuating market 9 25 31 23 ***
 Labour intensive 9 14 17 14 ***
 Lack of improved seed 17 11 10 13 ***
 Limited land 9 14 7 10 ***
 Limited knowledge and skills 4 18 0 8 ***
  1. *** Significant at P < 0.001, Ns Not significant