Ahler, D. J., & Sood, G. (2018). The parties in our heads: Misperceptions about party composition and their consequences. Journal of Politics, 80(3), 964–981.
Aldrich, J. H., & McKelvey, R. D. (1977). A method of scaling with applications to the 1968 and 1972 presidential elections. American Political Science Review, 71(1), 111–130.
Allport, G. W. (1954). The Nature of Prejudice. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Arceneaux, K., Johnson, M., & Cryderman, J. (2013). Communication, persuasion, and the conditioning value of selective exposure: Like minds may unite and divide but they mostly tune out. Political Communication, 30(2), 213–231.
Barberá, P., Jost, J. T., Nagler, J., Tucker, J. A., & Bonneau, R. (2015). Tweeting from left to right: Is online political communication more than an echo chamber? Psychological Science, 26(10), 1531–1542.
Berelson, B. R., Lazarsfeld, P. F., & McPhee, W. N. (1954). Voting: A study of opinion formation in a presidential election. Chicago, IL: Unuversity of Chicago Press.
Bishop, B. (2008). The big sort: Why the clustering of like-minded America is tearing us apart. New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Bonica, A. (2014). Mapping the ideological marketplace. American Journal of Political Science, 58(2), 367–386.
Brady, H. E., & Sniderman, P. M. (1985). Attitude attribution: A group basis for political reasoning. American Political Science Review, 79(4), 1061–1078.
Brashears, M. E. (2011). Small networks and high isolation? A reexamination of American discussion networks. Social Networks, 33(4), 331–341.
Brundidge, J. (2010). Encountering “Difference” in the contemporary public sphere: The contribution of the internet to the heterogeneity of political discussion networks. Journal of Communication, 60, 680–700.
Buttice, M. K., Huckfeldt, R., & Ryan, J. B. (2009). Polarization, attribution, and communication networks in the 2006 congressional elections. In J. J. Mondak & D. G. Mitchell (Eds.), Fault Lines (pp. 42–60). New York: Routledge.
Crisp, R. J., & Turner, R. N. (2009). Can imagined interactions produce positive perceptions? Reducing prejudice through simulated social contact. American Psychologist, 64(4), 231–240.
Druckman, J. N., Levendusky, M. S., & McLain, A. (2018). No need to watch: How the effects of partisan media can spread via interpersonal discussions. American Journal of Political Science, 62(1), 99–112.
Dyck, J. J., & Pearson-Merkowitz, S. (2014). To know you is not necessarily to love you: The partisan mediators of intergroup contact. Political Behavior, 36(3), 553–580.
Enders, A. M., & Armaly, M. T. (2019). The differential effects of actual and perceived polarization. Political Behavior, 41(3), 815–839.
Eveland, J., William, P., Hutchens, M. J., & Morey, A. C. (2013). Political network size and its antecedents and consequences. Political Communication, 30(3), 371–394.
Eveland, J., William, P., Appiah, O., & Beck, P. A. (2018). Americans are more exposed to difference than we think: Capturing hidden exposure to political and racial difference. Social Networks, 52, 192–200.
Finifter, A. W. (1974). The friendship group as a protective environment for political deviants. American Political Science Review, 68(2), 607–625.
Gaines, N. S., & Garand, J. C. (2010). Morality, equality, or locality: Analyzing the determinants of support for same-sex marriage. Political Research Quarterly, 63(3), 553–567.
Graham, J., Nosek, B. A., & Haidt, J. (2012). The moral stereotypes of liberals and conservatives: Exaggeration of differences across the political spectrum. PloS ONE, 7(12), e50092.
Granovetter, M. (1985). Economic action and social structure: The problem of embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology, 91(3), 481–510.
Hare, C., Armstrong, D. A., Bakker, R., Carroll, R., & Poole, K. T. (2015). Using Bayesian Aldrich-McKelvey scaling to study citizens’ ideological preferences and perceptions. American Journal of Political Science, 59(3), 759–774.
Hayes, R. B. (1989). The day-to-day functioning of close versus casual friendships. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 6, 21–37.
Henry, P. J., & Napier, J. L. (2017). Education is related to greater ideological prejudice. Public Opinion Quarterly, 81(4), 930–942.
Huber, G. A., & Malhotra, N. (2017). Political homophily in social relationships: Evidence from online dating behavior. Journal of Politics, 79(1), 269–283.
Huckfeldt, R. (1983). Social contexts, social networks, and urban neighborhoods: Environmental constraints on friendship choice. American Journal of Sociology, 89(3), 651–669.
Huckfeldt, R. (2017). Interdependence, communication, and aggregation: Transforming voters into electorates. PS: Political Science & Politics, 50(1), 3–11.
Huckfeldt, R., Mendez, J. M., & Osborn, T. (2004). Disagreement, ambivalence, and engagement: The political consequences of heterogeneous networks. Political Psychology, 25(1), 65–95.
Huckfeldt, R., & Sprague, J. (1987). Networks in context: The social flow of political information. American Political Science Review, 81(4), 1197–1216.
Huckfeldt, R., & Sprague, J. (1995). Citizens, politics, and social communication: Information and influence in an election campaign. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Huckfeldt, R., Sprague, J., & Levine, J. (2000). The dynamics of collective deliberation in the 1996 election: Campaign effects on accessibility, certainty, and accuracy. American Political Science Review, 94(3), 641–651.
Huckfeldt, R., Beck, P. A., Dalton, R. J., & Levine, J. (1995). Political environments, cohesive social groups, and the communication of public opinion. American Journal of Political Science, 39(4), 1025–1054.
Huckfeldt, R., Johnson, P. E., & Sprague, J. (2004). Political disagreement: The survival of diverse opinions within communication networks. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Iyengar, S., Sood, G., & Lelkes, Y. (2012). Fear and loathing in party politics: A social identity perspective on polarization. Public Opinion Quarterly, 76(3), 405–431.
Iyengar, S., & Westwood, S. J. (2015). Fear and loathing across party lines: New evidence on group polarization. American Journal of Political Science, 59(3), 690–707.
Iyengar, S., Konitzer, T., & Tedin, K. (2018). The home as a political fortress: Family agreement in an era of polarization. Journal of Politics, 80(4), 1326–1338.
Key, V. O, Jr. (1949). Southern politics in state and nation. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
King, G., Murray, C. J. L., Salomon, J. A., & Tandon, A. (2004). Enhancing the validity and cross-cultural comparability of measurement in survey research. American Political Science Review, 98(1), 191–207.
Klar, S. (2014). Partisanship in a social setting. American Journal of Political Science, 58(3), 687–704.
Klar, S., Krupnikov, Y., & Ryan, J. B. (2018). Affective polarization of partisan disdain? Untangling a dislike for the opposing party from a dislike of partisanship. Public Opinion Quarterly, 82(2), 379–390.
Klar, S., & Shmargad, Y. (2017). The effect of network structure on preference formation. Journal of Politics, 79(2), 717–721.
Klofstad, C. A., Sokhey, A. E., & McClurg, S. D. (2013). Disagreeing about disagreement: How conflict in social networks affects political behavior. American Journal of Political Science, 57(1), 120–134.
Lang, C., & Pearson-Merkowitz, S. (2015). Partisan sorting in the United States, 1972–2012: New evidence from a dynamic analysis. Political Geography, 48, 119–129.
Laumann, E. (1973). Bonds of pluralism: The form and substance of urban social networks. New York: Wiley Interscience.
Lazer, D., Rubineau, B., Chetkovich, C., Katz, N., & Neblo, M. (2010). The coevolution of networks and political attitudes. Political Communication, 27(3), 248–274.
Lelkes, Y. (2018). Affective polarization and ideological sorting: A reciprocal, albeit weak, relationship. The Forum, 16(1), 67–79.
Lelkes, Y., Sood, G., & Iyengar, S. (2017). The hostile audience: The effect of access to broadband internet on partisan affect. American Journal of Political Science, 61(1), 5–20.
Levendusky, M. S., & Malhotra, N. (2015). (Mis)perceptions of partisan polarization in the American public. Public Opinion Quarterly, 80(S1), 378–391.
Levitan, L. C., & Verhulst, B. (2016). Conformity in groups: The effects of others’ views on expressed attitudes and attitude change. Political Behavior, 38(2), 277–315.
Lupton, R., & Thornton, J. (2017). Disagreement, diversity, and participation: Examining the properties of several measures of political discussion network characteristics. Political Behavior, 39(3), 585–608.
Malhotra, N., & Krosnick, J. A. (2007). The effect of survey mode and sampling on inferences about political attitudes and behavior: Comparing the 2000 and 2004 ANES to internet surveys with nonprobability samples. Political Analysis, 15(3), 286–323.
Mason, L. (2016). A cross-cutting calm: How social sorting drives affective polarization. Public Opinion Quarterly, 80(S1), 351–377.
Mason, L. (2018). Uncivil agreement: How politics became our identity. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
McClurg, S. D. (2006). The electoral relevance of political talk: Examining disagreement and expertise effects in social networks on political participation. American Journal of Political Science, 50(3), 737–754.
McConnell, C., Margalit, Y., Malhotra, N., & Levendusky, M. (2018). The economic consequences of partisanship in a polarized era. American Journal of Political Science, 62(1), 5–18.
McPherson, M., Smith-Lovin, L., & Cook, J. M. (2001). Birds of a feather: Homophily in social networks. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 415–444.
Miller, W. E. (1956). One-party politics and the voter. American Political Science Review, 50(3), 707–725.
Mondak, J. J. (1990). Source cues and policy approval: The cognitive dynamcis of public support for the reagan agenda. American Journal of Political Science, 37, 186–212.
Mummolo, J., & Nall, C. (2017). Why partisans do not sort: The constraints on political segregation. Journal of Politics, 79(1), 45–59.
Mutz, D. C. (2002). Cross-cutting social networks: Testing democratic theory in practice. American Political Science Review, 96(1), 111–126.
Mutz, D. C. (2006). Hearing the other side: Deliberative versus participatory democracy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Nall, C. (2015). The political consequences of spatial policies: How interstate highways facilitated geographic polarization. Journal of Politics, 77(2), 394–406.
Paluck, E. L., Green, S. A., & Green, D. P. (2019). The contact hypothesis re-evaluated. Behavioural Public Policy, 3(2), 129–158.
Papke, L. E., & Wooldridge, J. M. (1996). Econometric methods for fractional response variables with an application to 401(K) plan participation rates. Journal of Applied Econometrics, 11(6), 619–632.
Pettigrew, T. F. (1997). Generalized intergroup contact effects on prejudice. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23(2), 173–185.
Pettigrew, T. F. (1998). Intergroup contact theory. Annual Review of Psychology, 49(1), 65–85.
Popan, J. R., Kenworthy, J. B., Frame, M. C., Lyons, P. A., & Snuggs, S. J. (2010). Political groups in contact: The role of attributions for outgroup attitudes in reducing antipathy. European Journal of Social Psychology, 40(1), 86–104.
Prior, M. (2007). Post-broadcast democracy: How media choice increases inequality in political involvement and polarizes elections. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Robinson, R. J., Keltner, D., Ward, A., & Ross, L. (1995). Actual versus assumed differences in construal: “Naive Realism” in intergroup perception and conflict. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68(3), 404–417.
Ross, L., Greene, D., & House, P. (1977). The ’False Consensus Effect’: An egocentric bias in social perception and attribution processes. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 13(3), 279–301.
Scala, D. J., & Johnson, K. M. (2017). Political polarization along the rural-urban continuum? The geography of the presidential vote, 2000–2016. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 672(1), 162–184.
Schmitt-Beck, R. (2003). Mass communication, personal communication and vote choice: The filter hypothesis of media influence in comparative perspective. British Journal of Political Science, 33(2), 233–259.
Settle, J. E. (2018). Frenemies: How social media polarizes America. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sinclair, B. (2012). The social citizen: Peer networks and political behavior. Chicago, IL: Chicago University Press.
Sokhey, A. E., & Djupe, P. A. (2014). Name generation in interpersonal political network data: Results from a series of experiments. Social Networks, 36(1), 147–161.
Song, H., & Boomgaarden, H. G. (2017). Dynamic spirals put to test: An agent-based model of reinforcing spirals between selective exposure, interpersonal networks, and attitude polarization. Journal of Communication, 67(2), 256–281.
Sussell, J. (2013). New support for the big sort hypothesis: An assessment of partisan geographic sorting in California, 1992–2010. PS: Political Science & Politics, 46(4), 768–773.
Taber, C. S., & Lodge, M. (2006). Motivated skepticism in the evaluation of political beliefs. American Journal of Political Science, 50(3), 755–769.
Tajfel, H., & Turner, J. (1979). An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In W. G. Austin & S. Worchel (Eds.), The social psychology of intergroup relations. Monterey, CA: Wadsworth.
Cho, T., Wendy, K., Gimpel, J. G., & Hui, I. S. (2013). Voter migration and the geographic sorting of the American electorate. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 103(4), 856–870.
Tversky, A., & Kahneman, D. (1974). Judgment under uncertainty: Heuristics and biases. Science, 185(4157), 1124–1131.
Visser, P. S., & Mirabile, R. R. (2004). Attitudes in the social context: The impact of social network composition on individual-level attitude strength. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 87(6), 779–795.
Westfall, J., Van Boven, L., Chambers, J. R., & Judd, C. M. (2015). Perceiving political polarization in the United States: Party identity strength and attitude extremity exacerbate the perceived partisan divide. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10(2), 145–158.