Alvarez, R. M., & Gronke, P. (1996). Constituents and legislators: Learning about the Persian Gulf War Resolution. Legislative Studies Quarterly, 21(1), 105–127.
Amer, M. L. (2005). Black members of the United States Congress: 1870–2005. Congressional Research Service, RL30378.
Ansolabehere, S., Snyder Jr. J. M., & Charles III. S., (2001). Candidate positioning in U.S. house elections. American Journal of Political Science, 45(1), 136–159.
Berinsky, A. J. (2007). Assuming the costs of war: Events, elites, and American public support for military conflict. Journal of Politics, 69(4), 975–997.
Brewer, M. B., & Kramer, R. M. (1985). The psychology of intergroup attitudes and behavior. Annual Review of Psychology, 36(3), 219–243.
Bullock III C. S. (1984). Racial crossover voting and the election of black officials. Journal of Politics, 46(1), 238–251.
Bullock III C. S., & Dunn, R. E. (2003). White voter support for southern black congressional candidates. American Review of Politics, 24(3), 249–265.
Burden, B. C. (2004). A technique for estimating candidate and voter locations. Electoral Studies, 23(4), 623–639.
Cameron, C., Epstein, D., & O’Halloran, S. (1996). Do majority-minority districts maximize substantive black representation in Congress? American Political Science Review, 90(4), 794–812.
Canon, D. T. (1999). Race, redistricting, and representation: The unintended consequences of black majority districts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Citrin, J., Green, D. P., & Sears, D. O. (1990). White reactions to black candidates: When does race matter? Public Opinion Quarterly, 54(1), 74–96.
Conover, P. J., & Feldman, S. (1989). Candidate perception in an ambiguous world. American Journal of Political Science, 33(4), 912–939.
Converse, P. E. (1964). The nature of belief systems in mass publics. In E. A. David (Ed.), Ideology and discontent. New York: New York Free Press.
Carpini, M. X. D., & Keeter, S. (1996). What Americans know about politics and why it matters. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Downs, A. (1957). An economic theory of democracy. New York: Harper.
Duckitt, J. (2003). Prejudice and intergroup hostility. In O. S. David, H. Loenie, & J. Robert (Eds.), Oxford handbook of political psychology. New York: Oxford University Press.
Enelow, J. M., & Hinich, M. J. (1982). Ideology, issues, and the spatial theory of elections. American Political Science Review, 76(3), 493–501.
Feldman, S., & Conover, P. J. (1983). Candidates, issues and voters: The role of inference in political perception. Journal of Politics, 45(4), 810–839.
Griffin, J. D., & Flavin, P. (2007). Racial differences in information, expectations, and accountability. Journal of Politics, 69(1), 220–236.
Grose, C. R. (2005). Disentangling constituency and legislator effects in legislative representation: Black legislators or black districts? Social Science Quarterly, 86(2), 427–443.
Grose, C. R. (2011). Congress in black and white: Race and representation in Washington and at home. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Hardin, J. W. (2002). The robust variance estimator for two-stage models. Stata Journal, 2(3), 253–266.
Highton, B. (2011). Prejudice rivals partisanship and ideology when explaining the 2008 presidential vote across the states. PS. Political Science & Politics, 44(03), 530–535.
Highton, B. (2004). White voters and African American candidates for Congress. Political Behavior, 26(1), 1–25.
Hole, A. R. (2006). Calculating Murphy–Topel variance estimates in stata: A simplified procedure. Stata Journal, 6(4), 521–529.
Hutchings, V. L., & Valentino, N. A. (2004). The centrality of race in American politics. Annual Review of Political Science, 7, 383–408.
Iacus, S. M., King, G., & Porro, G. (2012). Causal inference without balance checking: Coarsened exact matching. Political analysis, 20(1), 1–24.
Jacobsmeier, M. L. (2014). Racial stereotypes and perceptions of representatives’ ideologies in US house elections. Legislative Studies Quarterly, 39(2), 261–291.
Jacobsmeier, M. L. & Lewis, D. C. (2013). Barking up the wrong tree: Why Bo didn’t fetch many votes for Barack Obama in 2012. Political Science & Politics, 46(1), 49–59.
Koch, J. W. (2002). Gender stereotypes and citizens’ impressions of house candidates’ ideological orientations. American Journal of Political Science, 46(2), 453–462.
Koch, J. W. (2003). Being certain versus being right. Political Behavior, 25(3), 221–246.
Kuklinski, J. H., & Hurley, N. L. (1994). On hearing and interpreting political messages: A cautionary tale of citizen Cue-Taking. Journal of Politics, 56(3), 729–751.
Lewis-Beck, M. S., Tien, C., & Nadeau, R. (2010). Obama’s missed landslide: A racial cost? Political Science & Politics, 43(01), 69–76.
Library of Congress. (2007). “Hispanic Americans in Congress, 1822–1995”. Retrieved September 2007, from http://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/congress/chron.html,
Lublin, D. (1997). The paradox of representation: Racial gerrymandering and minority interests in Congress. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Mansbridge, J. (1999). Should blacks represent blacks and women represent women? A Conditional ‘Yes. Journal of Politics, 61(3), 628–657.
Matsubayashi, T., & Ueda, M. (2011). Political knowledge and the use of candidate race as a voting cue. American Politics Research, 39(2), 380–413.
McDermott, M. L. (1998). Race and gender cues in low-Information elections. Political Research Quarterly, 51(4), 895–918.
Murphy, K. M., & Topel, R. H. (1985). Estimation and inference in two-step econometric models. Journal of Business and Economics Statistics, 3(4), 370–379.
Pasek, J., Tahk, A., Lelkes, Y., Krosnick, J. A., Payne, B. K., Akhtar, O., et al. (2009). Determinants of turnout and candidate choice in the 2008 US presidential election. Public Opinion Quarterly, 73(5), 943–994.
Piston, S. (2010). How explicit racial prejudice hurt Obama in the 2008 election. Political Behavior, 32(4), 431–451.
Poole, K. T., & Rosenthal, H. (1985). A spatial model for legislative roll call analysis. American Journal of Political Science, 29(2), 357–384.
Poole, K. T., & Rosenthal, H. (1991). Patterns of congressional voting. American Journal of Political Science, 35(1), 228–278.
Powell, G. B. (2000). Elections as instruments of democracy: Majoritarian and proportional visions. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Powell, L. W. (1982). Issue representation in Congress. Journal of Politics, 44(3), 658–678.
Powell, L. W. (1989). Analyzing misinformation: Perceptions of congressional candidates ideologies. American Journal of Political Science, 33(1), 272–293.
Rabinowitz, G., & Macdonald, S. E. (1989). A directional theory of issue voting. American Political Science Review, 83(1), 93–121.
Reeves, K. (1997). Voting hopes or fears?: White voters, black candidates and racial politics in America. New York: Oxford Univ. Press.
Roodman, D. (2007). cmp: Stata module to implement conditional (recursive) mixed process estimator. http://ideas.repec.org/c/boc/bocode/s456882.html.
Schaffner, B. F. (2011). Racial salience and the Obama vote. Political Psychology, 32(6), 963–988.
Schickler, E. (2000). Institutional change in the house of representatives, 1867–1998: A test of partisan and ideological power balance models. American Political Science Review, 94(2), 269–288.
Sears, D. O., & Kosterman, R. (1987). Jesse Jackson and the southern white electorate in 1984. In L. W. Moreland, R. P. Steed, & T. A. Baker (Eds.), Blacks in southern politics. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger.
Shotts, K. W. (2003). Does racial redistricting cause conservative policy outcomes? Policy preferences of southern representatives in the 1980s and 1990s. Journal of Politics, 65(1), 216–226.
Sigelman, C. K., Sigelman, L., Walkosz, B. J., & Nitz, M. (1995). Black candidates, white voters: Understanding racial bias in political perceptions. American Journal of Political Science, 39(1), 243–265.
Sniderman, P. M., Brody, R. A., & Tetlock, P. E. (1993). Reasoning and choice: Explorations in political psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Swain, C. M. (1995). Black faces, black interests: The representation of African Americans in Congress (Enlarged ed.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Tate, K. (2003). Black faces, black interests: The representation of African Americans in Congress. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Terkildsen, N. (1993). When white voters evaluate black candidates: The processing implications of candidate skin color, prejudice, and self-monitoring. American Journal of Political Science, 37(4), 1032–1053.
Tesler, M., & Sears, D. O. (2010). Obama’s race: The 2008 election and the dream of a post-racial America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Tong, L. H. (2007). Asian Pacific Americans in the United States Congress. Order Code: Congressional Research Service.
Washington, E. (2006). How black candidates affect voter turnout. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 121(3), 973–998.
Wright, J. R., & Niemi, R. G. (1983). Perceptions of candidates issue positions. Political Behavior, 5(2), 209–223.
Zilber, J., & Niven, D. (2000). Stereotypes in the News: Media coverage of African-Americans in Congress. Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics, 5(1), 32–49.