From Fistfights to Firefights: Trait Aggression and Support for State Violence
- 626 Downloads
Aggression is a fundamental component of human behavior, yet is mostly absent from scholarship on mass political behavior. This study proposes and tests a theory of state violence attitudes in which citizens develop preferences from aggressive personality traits. In an original nationally-representative survey, trait aggression strongly predicts support for violent state policies, as does its subcomponent trait anger, rivaling the power of partisanship. More provocatively, the well-documented gender gap in state violence attitudes replicated here is not attributable to sex differences in aggressive personality. This work builds on recent advances in political personality research and highlights the important role of aggression in political behavior.
KeywordsTrait aggression Trait anger State violence Gender gap
This project was supported by the Gerald R. Ford Fellowship and the Marsh Research Fellowship at the University of Michigan. The author thanks Don Kinder, Ted Brader, Nancy Burns, Nick Valentino, and the editors and anonymous reviewers for their helpful feedback.
- Altemeyer, R. (1996). The authoritarian specter. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Bandura, A. (1986). Social foundations of thought and action: A social-cognitive theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
- Berinsky, A. (2009). In time of war. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Converse, P. E. (1964). The nature of belief systems in mass publics. In D. E. Apter (Ed.), Ideology and discontent. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
- Fiorina, M. P. (1981). Retrospective voting in American national elections. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
- Huddy, L., Feldman, S., & Cassese, E. (2007). On the distinct effects of anxiety and anger. In W. Russell Neuman, G. E. Marcus, M. MacKuen, & A. N. Crigler (Eds.), The affect effect (pp. 202–230). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Kinder, D. R. (1994). Reason and emotion in American political life. In R. Schank & E. Langer (Eds.), Beliefs, reasoning, and decision-making. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.Google Scholar
- Marcus, G. E., Neuman, W. R., & Mackuen, M. (2000). Affective intelligence and political judgment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
- Nisbett, R. E., & Cohen, D. (1997). Culture of honor: The psychology of violence in the south. Oxford: Westview Press.Google Scholar
- Wilson, E. O. (2004). On human nature (2nd ed.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar