Assessing the Impact of Alternative Voting Technologies on Multi-Party Elections: Design Features, Heuristic Processing and Voter Choice
- 386 Downloads
This paper analyzes the influence of alternative voting technologies on electoral outcomes in multi-party systems. Using data from a field experiment conducted during the 2005 legislative election in Argentina, we examine the role of information effects associated with alternative voting devices on the support for the competing parties. We find that differences in the type of information displayed and how it was presented across devices favored some parties to the detriment of others. The impact of voting technologies was found to be larger than in two-party systems, and could lead to changes in election results. We conclude that authorities in countries moving to adopt new voting systems should carefully take the potential partisan advantages induced by different technologies into account when evaluating their implementation.
KeywordsVoting technology Multiparty systems Field experiments
- Alvarez, R. M., & Hall, T. E. (2008). Electronic elections: The perils and promises of digital democracy. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
- Alvarez, R. M., Katz, G., & Pomares, J. S. (2009). Up to the promise? The impact of electronic voting on trust in the election process in Latin America. Working Paper 89, Caltech/MIT Voting Technology Project.Google Scholar
- Amado, A. (2006). Argentina 2005: Repensar la comunicación política. Diálogo Político, 2, 49–77.Google Scholar
- Ansolabehere, S., & Stewart, C., III. (2005). Residual votes attributable to technology. Journal of Politics, 67, 365–389.Google Scholar
- Bril, T. (2007). El colapso del sistema partidario de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Una herencia de la crisis argentina de 2001–2002. Desarrollo Económico, 47, 367–400.Google Scholar
- Buenos Aires Controller’s Office, AGCBA (2006). Informe de Auditoría - Gastos de Campaña 2005. Technical Report, February 2006.Google Scholar
- Calvo, E., & Micozzi, J. P. (2005). The governor’s backyard: A seat-vote model of electoral reform for subnational multiparty races. Journal of Politics, 67, 1050–1074.Google Scholar
- COPUB, Centro de Opinión Pública de la Universidad de Belgrano. (2005). Elecciones legislativas 2005: valoración que los ciudadanos realizan del proceso electoral. http://www.ub.edu.ar/centros_de_estudio/copub/. Accessed 8 February 2010.
- Herrnson, P. S., Niemi, R. G., Hanmer, M. J., Bederson, B. B., & Conrad, F. C. (2008). Voting technology: The not-so-simple act of casting a ballot. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.Google Scholar
- Management Press. (2005). Informe cuantitativo audio-visual. Elecciones 2005. http://www.managementpress.com.ar. Accessed 15 October 2008.
- Popkin, S. L. (1991). The reasoning voter: Communication and persuasion in presidential campaigns. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar