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Photonic band gap structure microstrip patch antenna for WiMAX and Wi-Fi application


A compact microstrip patch antenna was designed using IE3D v.15 simulation tool and improves its performance by using PBG structure and also has to achieve the desired resonant frequency by using the PBG structure. The bandwidth of this compact MPA was increased from 11.32 to 55.44% in frequency range 2.62–4.63 GHz by use of PBG structure at ground plane of the substrate, and the antenna is resonating at frequency 2.74 GHz with maximum return loss − 29.29 dB. This antenna is suitable for S band operations, i.e. WiMAX and Wi-Fi applications.

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Correspondence to Ritesh Sachan.

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Sachan, R., Dhubkarya, D.C. Photonic band gap structure microstrip patch antenna for WiMAX and Wi-Fi application. Photon Netw Commun 41, 280–286 (2021).

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  • Microstrip patch antenna (MPA)
  • Quadrangular patch antenna (QPA)
  • Photonic band gap (PBG)
  • Integral equation three-dimensional (IE3D)