Skip to main content

Filter-free photonic microwave waveforms generation based on polarization-sensitive Mach–Zehnder modulator

Abstract

This paper has proposed a photonic microwave waveforms generation scheme based on a dual-polarization Mach–Zehnder modulator (DPol-MZM) at moderate modulation depth without optical filtering. In the scheme, two sub-MZMs are driven by a fundamental frequency and a frequency tripled signal, respectively, to perform the optical carrier suppression modulation along two orthogonal polarization directions. Due to the polarization orthogonality of the tones, there is no cross-beating term in the photocurrent after photodetection. The harmonics power ratio is adjusted by varying the modulation indices and DC biases to obtain the temporal triangular and square waveforms. Frequency-doubled triangular and square waveforms with full duty cycle at repetition rates of 5, 10 and 20 GHz are successfully generated with optimized modulation indices and demonstrated by the simulation.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6

References

  1. 1.

    Won, Y.S., Kim, C.H., Lee, S.G.: Range resolution improvement of a 24 GHz ISM band pulse radar—a feasibility study. IEEE Sens. J. 15, 7142–7149 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Parmigiani, F., Ibsen, M., Ng, T.T., Provost, L., Petropoulos, P., Richardson, D.J.: Efficient optical wavelength conversion using triangular pulses generated using a super structured fiber Bragg Grating. In: Optical Fiber Communication Conference Optical Society of America (2008)

  3. 3.

    Bhamber, R.S., Latkin, A.I., Boscolo, S., Turitsyn, S.K.: All-optical TDM to WDM signal conversion and partial regeneration using XPM with triangular pulses. In: Presented at the 34th European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC 2008) (2008)

  4. 4.

    Yao, J.P.: Photonic generation of microwave arbitrary waveforms. Opt. Commun. 284, 3723–3736 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Latkin, A.I., Boscolo, S., Bhamber, R.S., Turitsyn, S.K.: Doubling of optical signals using triangular pulses. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1492–1496 (2009)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Jiang, Z., Huang, C.B., Leaird, D.E., Weiner, A.M.: Optical arbitrary waveform processing of more than 100 spectral comb lines. Nat. Photon. 1(8), 463–467 (2007)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Ye, J., Yan, L.S., Pan, W., Luo, B., Zou, X.H., Yi, A.L., Yao, S.: Photonic generation of triangular-shaped pulses based on frequency-to-time conversion. Opt. Lett. 36(8), 1458–1460 (2011)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Gao, Y.S., Wen, A.J., Zheng, H.X., Liang, D., Lin, L.: Photonic microwave waveform generation based on phase modulation and tunable dispersion. Opt. Exp. 24, 12524–12533 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Huang, C.B., Leaird, D.E., Weiner, A.M.: Time-multiplexed photonically enabled radio frequency arbitrary waveform generation with 100 ps transitions. Opt. Lett. 32, 3242–3244 (2007)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Jiang, Y., Ma, C., Bai, G.F., Qi, X.S., Tang, Y.L., Jia, Z.R., Zi, Y.J., Huang, F.Q., Wu, T.W.: Photonic microwave waveforms generation based on time-domain processing. Opt. Exp. 23(15), 19442–19452 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    He, Y.T., Jiang, Y., Zi, Y.J., Bai, G.F., Tian, J., Xia, Y., Zhang, X.Y., Dong, R.Y., Luo, H.: Photonic microwave waveforms generation based on two cascaded single-drive Mach–Zehnder modulators. Opt. Exp. 26(6), 7829–7841 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Xia, Y., Jiang, Y., Zi, Y.J., He, Y.T., Tian, J., Zhang, X.Y., Luo, H., Dong, R.Y.: Photonic microwave waveforms generation based on pulse carving and superposition in time-domain. Opt. Commun. 414, 177–184 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Gao, Y.S., Wen, A.J., Liu, W.Y., Zheng, H.X., Xiang, S.Y.: Photonic generation of triangular pulses based on phase modulation and spectrum manipulation. IEEE Photon. J. 8(1), 7801609 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Li, W., Wang, W.T., Sun, W.H., Wang, W.Y., Zhu, N.H.: Generation of triangular waveforms based on a microwave photonic filter with negative coefficient. Opt. Exp. 22(12), 14993–15001 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Yuan, J., Ning, T.G., Li, J., Pei, L., Zheng, J.J., Li, Y.Q.: Research on photonic generation of quadrupling triangular-shaped waveform using external modulation. Opt. Fiber Technol. 45, 352–358 (2018)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Li, J., Sun, J., Xu, W.W., Ning, T.G., Pei, L., Yuan, J., Li, Y.Q.: Frequency-doubled triangular-shaped waveform generation based on spectrum manipulation. Opt. Lett. 41, 199–202 (2016)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Li, W., Wang, W.T., Zhu, N.H.: Photonic generation of radio-frequency waveforms based on dual-parallel Mach–Zehnder modulator. IEEE Photon. J. 6(3), 5500608 (2014)

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Li, J., Zhang, X.P., Hraimel, B., Ning, T.G., Pei, L., Wu, K.: Performance analysis of a photonic-assisted periodic triangular-shaped pulse generator. J. Lightwave Technol. 30(11), 1617–1624 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Zhu, Z.H., Zhao, S.H., Li, X., Qu, K., Lin, T.: Photonic generation of versatile frequency-doubled microwave waveforms via a dual-polarization modulator. Opt. Commun. 384, 1–6 (2017)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Li, Y.Y., Wen, A.J., Zhang, W., Wang, Q., Li, X.R.: A simple and tunable photonic generation of frequency-doubled triangular waveform based on two cascaded modulators. Opt. Commun. 445, 231–235 (2019)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Liu, W.L., Yao, J.P.: Photonic generation of microwave waveforms based on a polarization modulator in a Sagnac loop. J. Lightwave Technol. 32(20), 3637–3644 (2014)

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, Grant: 61690195) and the Fund of State Key Laboratory of IPOC (IPOC2018ZT09).

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jianxin Ma.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhao, H., Ma, J. Filter-free photonic microwave waveforms generation based on polarization-sensitive Mach–Zehnder modulator. Photon Netw Commun 41, 222–230 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11107-021-00925-z

Download citation

Keywords

  • Microwave photonics
  • Triangular waveform generation
  • Square waveform generation
  • Dual-polarization Mach–Zehnder modulator