Skip to main content

Resilient architecture for optical access networks

Abstract

This work proposes a resilient wheel-based wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network optical access network architecture for backhauling network traffic. This proposed resilient architecture can efficiently support not only the fixed users but also the mobile users in the downstream direction under normal and failure operating scenarios, while minimizing the average traffic delivery time and without using extra redundant fibers for protection purposes.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14
Fig. 15
Fig. 16
Fig. 17
Fig. 18

References

  1. ITU-T FG NET-2030: Focus Group on Technologies for Network 2030. https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-T/focusgroups/net2030/Pages/default.aspx

  2. Kramer, G.: Ethernet Passive Optical Networks. McGraw-Hill, New York (2005)

    Google Scholar 

  3. Ghazisaidi, N., Maier, M., Assi, C.: Fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks: a survey. IEEE Commun. Mag. 47(2), 160–167 (2009)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Ali, M., Ellinas, G., Erkan, H., Hadjiantonis, A., Dorsinville, R.: On the vision of complete fixed-mobile convergence. IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 28(16), 2343–2357 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Yadav, R.: Passive-optical-network- (PON-) based converged access network. IEEE/OSA J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 4(11), B124–B130 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Marotta A. et al.: Software defined 5G converged access as a viable techno-economic solution. In: Proceedings of IEEE/OSA Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC) (2018)

  7. Talli G. et al.: Technologies and architectures to enable SDN in converged 5G/optical access networks. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling (ONDM) (2017)

  8. Sarkar, S., Dixit, S., Mukherjee, B.: Hybrid wireless-optical broadband-access network (WOBAN): a review of relevant challenges. IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3329–3340 (2007)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Shen, G., Tucker, R., Chae, C.-J.: Fixed mobile convergence architectures for broadband access: integration of EPON and wimax. IEEE Commun. Mag. 45(8), 44–50 (2007)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Erkan, H. et al.: A novel ring-based WDM-PON access architecture for the efficient utilization of network resources. In: Proceedings of International Conference on Communications (ICC) (2008)

  11. Zaidi, S. et al.: A simple and cost-effective EPON-based 4G mobile backhaul RAN architecture. In: Proceedings global communications conference (GLOBECOM) (2012)

  12. Hossain, D et al.: Protection for a ring-based EPON architecture. In: Proceedings of 2nd international conference on broadband networks (2005)

  13. ITU-T, Recommendation G.983.1, Broadband Optical Access Systems based on Passive Optical Networks (PONs) (1998)

  14. Xu, D. et al.: Proposal of a new protection mechanism for ATM PON interface. In: IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC) (2001)

  15. P’ng, W.T. et al.: A novel protection scheme for ethernet PON FTTH access network. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Networks (2005)

  16. Abdullah, M.K et al.: FTTH access network protection using a switch. In: Proceedings of 9th Asia-Pacific Conference on Communications (APCC) (2003)

  17. Phillips, A.J., et al.: Redundancy strategies for a high splitting optically amplified passive optical network. IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 19(2), 137–149 (2001)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Nadarajah, N., et al.: Protection switching and local area network emulation in passive optical networks. IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 24(5), 1955 (2006)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Nadarajah, N., et al.: Automatic protection switching and LAN emulation in passive optical networks. Electron. Lett. 42(3), 171–173 (2006)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Nadarajah, N., et al.: Self-protected ethernet passive optical networks using coarse wavelength division multiplexed transmission. Electron. Lett. 41(15), 866–867 (2005)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Hossain, D. et al.: A novel ring-based EPON architecture. In: Proceedings of 2nd international conference on broadband networks (2005)

  22. Zhou, Y., et al.: Self-healing ring-based WDM-PON. Opt. Commun. 283(9), 1732–1736 (2010)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Chen, B., Gan, C.: Novel architecture of WDM-PON based on single-fiber ring topology featuring protection and dynamic wavelength assignment. Opt.-Int. J. Light Electron Opt. 124(3), 234–237 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Dias, M.P., et al.: Performance evaluation of a scheduler for the ONU-BS of integrated EPON-WiMAX networks. IEEE Latin Am. Trans. 10(3), 1838–1843 (2012)

  25. Liu, Yu, et al.: Integrated BS/ONU placement in hybrid EPON-WiMAX access networks. In: IEEE Global Telecommunications Conference (2009)

  26. Ismael, M., et al.: Design, simulation and implementation of the ethernet simplified MAC together with the P2MP emulation layer for EPON ONU devices. Int. J. Comput. Appl. 55(10), 57–64 (2012)

    Google Scholar 

  27. Christodoulou, C. et al.: An optimization algorithm for downstream wavelength selection and scheduling in WDM PON-based mobile backhaul networks. In: Proceedings of 18th Mediterranean Electrotechnical Conference (MELECON) (2016)

  28. Taqqu, M., et al.: Proof of a fundamental result in self-similar traffic modeling. ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 27(2), 5–23 (1997)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Erkan, H., et al.: Reliability considerations of the emerging PON-based 4G mobile backhaul RAN architecture. Photon Netw Commun 29(1), 40–56 (2015)

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work has been supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme under Grant Agreement No 739551 (KIOS CoE) and from the Government of the Republic of Cyprus through the Directorate General for European Programmes, Coordination and Development.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to G. Ellinas.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Christodoulou, C., Ellinas, G. Resilient architecture for optical access networks. Photon Netw Commun 41, 1–16 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11107-020-00910-y

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11107-020-00910-y

Keywords

  • Optical access network
  • Resiliency
  • Failure protection