Powder Metallurgy and Metal Ceramics

, Volume 56, Issue 11–12, pp 611–616 | Cite as

Effect of Attrition Milling on Lithium-Ion Conductors

  • Xiaojuan Lu
  • Fengli Meng
  • Liyue Wang
  • Huaqing Zhu
  • Haihui Li

Lithium lanthanum titanate Li0.33La0.56TiO3 with a perovskite structure and Li1.3Al0.3Ti1.7(PO4)3 with a NASICON structure are promising solid lithium-ion conductors. Attrition milling is carried out to alter the particle size and a solid-state reaction method is used to prepare the pellets. The mean volume of Li1.3Al0.3Ti1.7(PO4)3 and Li0.33La0.56TiO3 tends to increase and to decrease, respectively, with increasing attrition milling time, which is due to the different hardness of the starting materials used. When pressed into pellets, the powders with smaller variation in the particle size possess denser packing and, therefore, higher conductivity. The conductivities of lithium–conductors are in strong correlation with the size of the starting powders and the density of the pellets.


lithium–ion conductor attrition milling morphology particle size 



This research was financially supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2017MS138) and the Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry.


  1. 1.
    S. Stramare, V. Thangadurai, and W. Weppner, “Lithium lanthanum titanates: A Review,” Chem. Mater., 15, No. 21, 3974–3990 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. Fu, “Superionic conductivity of glass-ceramics in the system Li2O–Al2O3–TiO2–P2O5,” Solid State Ionics, 96, Nos. 3–4, 195–200 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    J. Fu, “Fast Li+ ion conduction in Li2O–(Al2O3,Ga2O3)–TiO2–P2O5 glass-ceramics,” J. Mater. Sci., 33 , No. 6, 1549–1553 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. L. Narváez-Semanate and A. C. M. Rodrigues, “Microstructure and ionic conductivity of Li1+xAlxTi2–x(PO4)3 NASICON glass-ceramics,” Solid State Ionics, 181, Nos. 25–26, 1197–1204 (2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    P. Baláž, M. Achimovicová, M. Baláž, et al., “Hallmarks of mechanochemistry: from nanoparticles to technology,” Chem. Soc. Rev., 42, No. 18, 7571–7637 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. A. Bender and M.-J. Pan, “The effect of processing on the giant dielectric properties of CaCu3Ti4O12,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B, 117, No. 3, 339–347 (2005).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. Chouket, W. Cheikhrouhou-Koubaa, A. Cheikhrouhou, et al., “Structural, microstructural and dielectric studies in multiferroic LaSrNiO4–δ prepared by mechanical milling method,” J. Alloys Compd., 662, 467–474 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    L. Vijayan and G. Govindaraj, “Structural and electrical properties of high-energy ball-milled NASICON type Li1.3Ti1.7Al0.3(PO4)2.9(VO4)0.1 ceramics,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 72, No. 6, 613–619 (2011).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. Tan, Y. Su, H. Tang, et al., “Effect of calcined parameters on microstructure and electrical conductivity of 10Sc1CeSZ,” J. Alloys Compd., 686 , 394–398 (2016).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiaojuan Lu
    • 1
  • Fengli Meng
    • 1
  • Liyue Wang
    • 1
  • Huaqing Zhu
    • 1
  • Haihui Li
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringNorth China Electric Power UniversityBaodingChina

Personalised recommendations