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The interaction between Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 and soil properties in banana plantations in Southwest China

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Banana Fusarium wilt (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4) is a typical destructive soil-borne disease, which was the main limiting factor for the sustainable development of the banana industry worldwide. In banana production, soil physiochemical properties and soil microbiome were effectively affected the occurrence and spread of Fusarium wilt. However, there is still a lack of systematic research, particularly in exploring the correlation between the occurrence of banana Fusarium wilt and soil properties across various climates and soil types.


In this study we investigated the soil physicochemical properties, bacterial and fungal community composition, and pathogenic fungal abundance in 140 banana plantations which were affected by banana Fusarium wilt in Yunnan Province, China.


The results showed that the abundance of soil-borne pathogenic fungi was positively correlated with total phosphorus, total nitrogen, organic matter, urease activity, annual precipitation, and the alpha diversity of bacterial and fungal communities. In contrast, it showed a significant negative correlation with the annual mean temperature. As the abundance of pathogen increased, numerous potential disease-suppressive bacterial genera (such as Rhodanobacter, Gemmatimonas, Novosphingobium) and soil-borne pathogenic fungal genera (such as Plectosphaerella, Nigrospora, Cyphellophora) also increased, and the co-occurrence network showed a higher modularization index.


The results enhance the understanding of the patterns of soil-borne pathogenic fungal population dynamics in banana plantations, which would provide evidence and guidance for reducing pathogenic fungal abundance and selecting beneficial microorganisms in banana production. Furthermore, this would provide a theoretical basis for sustainable prevention and control of banana wilt disease.

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We thank all staff members in the Yunnan Key Laboratory of Green Prevention and Control of Agricultural Transboundary Pests for their considerable help with samples collection. The research leading to these results received funding from Yunnan Provincial Agricultural Joint Special Project (202101BD070001-001), Yunnan Provincial Xingdian Talent Program “Young talent” Project (YNWR-QNBJ-2019-246; YNWR-QNBJ-2020-298), Natural Science Foundation of China (31600349), Yunnan Science and Technology Mission (202204BI090019) and the earmarked fund for CARS (CARS-31-22). Special thank you is also given to the reviewers.

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Authors and Affiliations



Wenlong Zhang: Methodology, Software, Visualization, Writing - review & editing. Tingting Bai: Conceptualization, Supervision, Funding acquisition. Arslan Jamil: Writing - review & editing. Huacai Fan: Resources, Investigation. Xundong Li: Supervision, Funding acquisition. Si-Jun Zheng: Conceptualization, Supervision, Funding acquisition. Shengtao Xu: Conceptualization, Supervision, Funding acquisition, Writing - review & editing.

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Correspondence to Si-Jun Zheng or Shengtao Xu.

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The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

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Responsible Editor: Luz E. Bashan.

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Zhang, W., Bai, T., Jamil, A. et al. The interaction between Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 and soil properties in banana plantations in Southwest China. Plant Soil (2024).

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