Plant and Soil

, Volume 418, Issue 1–2, pp 205–218 | Cite as

Is annual or perennial harvesting more efficient in Ni phytoextraction?

  • George C. Adamidis
  • Maria Aloupi
  • Petros Mastoras
  • Maria-Ioanna Papadaki
  • Panayiotis G. Dimitrakopoulos
Regular Article

Abstract

Aims

The use of perennial metal hyperaccumulators in phytoextraction provides an excellent gateway toward the removal of heavy metals from polluted sites, and the opportunity for the phytomining of valuable metals. In order to further advance our understanding of the effect of cropping systems on metal phytoextraction, it is important to investigate the effect of harvesting time. This study focuses on the variation in biomass production, Ni concentration and Ni mass across the different phenological stages, populations and organs of Alyssum lesbiacum, in order to evaluate when Ni phytoextraction is at a maximum.

Methods

We sampled 60 single-phenological stage plots in three A. lesbiacum populations and we determined biomass production and Ni concentration at the plant organ level.

Results

Based on spontaneous A. lesbiacum vegetation, we were able to record remarkably high values of Ni phytoextraction. Biomass production and Ni concentration were found to be maximal on the third and fourth year of the A. lesbiacum life cycle respectively, while maximum phytoextraction capacity was reached in the third year.

Conclusions

Our results: (1) demonstrate the significant variation in Ni phytoextraction across different phenological stages, populations and organs of A. lesbiacum, (2) imply that its phytoextraction potential is mostly influenced by biomass production and (3) suggest that perennial harvests could be an interesting alternative to consider in the future.

Keywords

Alyssum lesbiacum Intra-specific variation Nickel hyperaccumulation Phenology Phytomining Phytoremediation 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • George C. Adamidis
    • 1
  • Maria Aloupi
    • 2
  • Petros Mastoras
    • 1
  • Maria-Ioanna Papadaki
    • 1
  • Panayiotis G. Dimitrakopoulos
    • 1
  1. 1.Biodiversity Conservation Laboratory, Department of EnvironmentUniversity of the AegeanMytileneGreece
  2. 2.Water and Air Quality Laboratory, Department of EnvironmentUniversity of the AegeanMytileneGreece

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