Plant and Soil

, Volume 418, Issue 1–2, pp 231–240 | Cite as

Nitrogen resorption in senescing leaf blades of rice exposed to free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) under different N fertilization levels

  • Shimpei Oikawa
  • Hitomi Ehara
  • Mika Koyama
  • Tadaki Hirose
  • Kouki Hikosaka
  • Charles P. Chen
  • Hirofumi Nakamura
  • Hidemitsu Sakai
  • Takeshi Tokida
  • Yasuhiro Usui
  • Toshihiro Hasegawa
Regular Article

Abstract

Aims

Nitrogen (N) resorption from senescing leaves is essential to meet N demand for grain development in rice (Oryza sativa L.). We asked whether rice is capable of reducing N in their senesced leaf blade to lower concentration at elevated [CO2] more in low than in high N fertilization.

Methods

The effects of elevated [CO2] and N fertilization on senesced leaf N concentration were examined for 3 years with the free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) technology.

Results

Elevated [CO2] decreased the senesced leaf N concentration but the change was generally small and did not hold over the growing seasons. Additionally, there was no evidence that the change was greater at low than at high N fertilization levels.

Conclusions

The 3-year field measurements showed that elevated [CO2] did not change the senesced leaf N concentration consistently. The occasional decrease in senesced leaf N concentration was associated with a decrease in green leaf N concentration at elevated [CO2] but not with the proportion of leaf N resorbed during leaf senescence.

Keywords

Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration Global change Leaf senescence Litter production Litter quality Nitrogen retranslocation 

Supplementary material

11104_2017_3280_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (69 kb)
ESM 1(PDF 68 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shimpei Oikawa
    • 1
  • Hitomi Ehara
    • 2
  • Mika Koyama
    • 2
  • Tadaki Hirose
    • 2
  • Kouki Hikosaka
    • 3
    • 4
  • Charles P. Chen
    • 5
    • 6
  • Hirofumi Nakamura
    • 7
  • Hidemitsu Sakai
    • 5
  • Takeshi Tokida
    • 8
  • Yasuhiro Usui
    • 5
    • 9
  • Toshihiro Hasegawa
    • 5
    • 10
  1. 1.Graduate School of Science and Engineering/Institute for Global Change Adaptation ScienceIbaraki UniversityIbarakiJapan
  2. 2.Department of International Agricultural DevelopmentTokyo University of AgricultureTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Graduate School of Life SciencesTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan
  4. 4.CREST, JSTTokyoJapan
  5. 5.Division of Climate Change, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NARO)Institute for Agro-Environmental ScienceIbarakiJapan
  6. 6.Department of Biology and ChemistryAzusa Pacific UniversityAzusaUSA
  7. 7.Taiyo Keiki Co., Ltd.TokyoJapan
  8. 8.IbarakiJapan
  9. 9.Hokkaido Agricultural Research CenterNAROKasaiJapan
  10. 10.Tohoku Agricultural Research CenterNAROIwateJapan

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