Exploring the impact of regional climate and local hydrology on Pinus sylvestris L. growth variability – A comparison between pine populations growing on peat soils and mineral soils in Lithuania
- 466 Downloads
To compare growth variability of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) on different soil types, and to assess the potential of peat-soil pines for climatological and hydrological studies.
We used extensive dendrochronological analyses to investigate temporal and spatial responses of pines growing on peat soils and mineral soils in three regions of Lithuania.
Significant correlations were observed between tree populations growing on similar soil types in different geographical regions, whereas synchronicity was absent between neighbouring stands growing on different soil types. At mineral soils, tree growth was significantly correlated with winter and early summer temperatures, whereas a more complex response was detected in peat-soil trees, presumably reflecting a multi-annual synthesis of moisture variability and changing hydrology. Synchronous long-term peat soil tree-growth variations observed over large parts of the Baltics point to a possible regional hydrological forcing. Our results may therefore improve hydrological reconstructions using living and subfossil peat-soil trees, and could be of prime importance given the major influence peatland water-table fluctuations have on a range of environmental processes.
Results reveal that peat-soil pines are unsuitable for high-frequency climate reconstruction, but demonstrate their potential for the reconstruction of multi-annual to decadal hydrological fluctuations. Mineral-soil pines, by contrast, should be used for temperature reconstructions.
KeywordsDendrochronology Meteorological data Hydrology Climate change Regional climate
This study has been funded by the Lithuanian-Swiss cooperation program to reduce economic and social disparities within the enlarged European Union under the name CLIMPEAT (Climate change in peatlands: Holocene record, recent trends and related impacts on biodiversity and sequestered carbon) project agreement No CH-3-ŠMM-01/05. Kazimieras Dilys, Marija Tamkevičiutė and Sigita Butkutė are thanked for their help during the fieldworks and the anonymous referees for their suggestions for improvements.
- Cedro A (2001) Dependence of radial growth of Pinus sylvestris L. from Western Pomerania on the rainfall and temperature conditions. Geochronometria 20:69–74Google Scholar
- Cook ER (1985) A time series analysis approach to tree-ring standardization. Dissertation, University of Arizona, TucsonGoogle Scholar
- Cook ER, Holmes RL (1984) Program ARSTAN user manual: laboratory of tree ring research. University of Arizona, TucsonGoogle Scholar
- Cook ER, Krusic PJ (2006) ARSTAN_41: a tree-ring standardization program based on detrending and autoregressive time series modeling, with interactive graphics. Tree-Ring Laboratory, Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, New YorkGoogle Scholar
- Development Core Team R (2012) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, ViennaGoogle Scholar
- Elferts D (2007) Scots pine pointer-years in northwestern Latvia and their relationship with climatic factors. Acta Univ Latv 723:163–170Google Scholar
- Friedman JH (1984) A variable span smoother, department of statistics technical report LCS 5. Stanford University, StanfordGoogle Scholar
- Fritts HC (1976) Tree rings and climate. Academic, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Gailiušis B, Jablonskis J, Kovalenkovienė M (2001) Lietuvos upės: hidrografija ir nuotėkis [Lithuanian Rivers: Hydrography and Runoff]. Lithuanian Energy Institute, Kaunas, p 792Google Scholar
- Galvonaitė A, Misiūnienė M, Valiukas D, Buitkuvienė MS (2007) Lietuvos klimatas [Lithuanian Climate]. Lithuanian Hydrometeorological Service, Vilnius, p 208Google Scholar
- Guiot J (1991) The bootstrapped response function. Tree-Ring Res 51:39–41Google Scholar
- Hordo M, Metslaid S, Kiviste A (2009) Response of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) radial growth to climate factors in Estonia. Baltic For 15:195–205Google Scholar
- Ingram HAP (1983) Hydrology. In: Gore AJP (ed) Mires, Swamp, Bog, Fen, and Moor, General Studies, Vol. 4A. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 67–158Google Scholar
- Kabailienė M (2006) Gamtinės aplinkos raida Lietuvoje per 14000 metų [Development of Natural Environment in Lithuania During 14 000 Years]. Vilnius University, Vilnius, p 471Google Scholar
- Karpavičius J (2005) Compoling of long-term tree ring chronology of pine (Pinus sylvestris L.), Growing in aukštoji plynia peat bog during the subatlantic period. LUA Res Papers 68:12–19Google Scholar
- Linkevičienė R, Taminskas J, Mažeikis A (2008) Simple method of modelling of bog lake’s water level fluctuation: case study of Rėkyva lake. Anthropogenic Nat Transform Lakes 2:95–98Google Scholar
- Mažeika J, Guobytė R, Kibirkštis G, Petrošius R, Skuratovič Ž, Taminskas J (2009) The use of carbon-14 and tritium for peat and water dynamics characterizations: case of Čepkeliai peatland, Southeastern Lithuania. Geochronometria 34:41–48Google Scholar
- Mérian P (2012) POINTER and DENDRO - Two applications under R software for analyzing tree response to climate using dendroecological approach. Revue For Fr 64:789–798Google Scholar
- Pärn H (2009) Temporal history of relationships between Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) growth and mean monthly temperatures. Baltic For 15:48–57Google Scholar
- Pikšrytė R (1996) Dendrochronological study on palaeowoodland dynamics in a Western Lithuanian peat bog. Geochronometria 13:203–214Google Scholar
- Povilaitis A, Taminskas J, Gulbinas Z, Linkevičienė R, Pileckas M (2011) Lietuvos šlapynės ir jų vandensauginė reikšmė [Lithuanian wetlands and their water protective importance], 978-9955-609-55-1GPS, Vilnius, LithuaniaGoogle Scholar
- Poyatos R, Martínez-Vilalta J, Cermák JR, Ceulemans R, Granier A, Irvine J, Köstner B, Lagergren F, Meiresonne L, Nadezhdina N, Zimmermann R, Llorens P, Mencuccini M (2007) Plasticity in hydraulic architecture of Scots pine across Eurasia. Oecologia 153:245–259. doi: 10.1007/s00442-007-0740-0 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Pukienė R (2001) Natural changes in bog vegetation reconstructed by sub-fossil tree remnant analysis. Biologija 2:111–113Google Scholar
- Rinn F (2003) TSAP-Win user reference manual. Rinntech, HeidelbergGoogle Scholar
- Taminskas J, Linkevičienė R, Mažeika J, Kibirkštis G (2008) The impact of global climate change for hydrometeorological conditions of čepkeliai peatland: the elements of vertical water cycle. Ann Geophys 40:50–60Google Scholar
- Vitas A (2004) Dendroclimatological research if Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in the Baltic coastal zone of Lithuania. Baltic For 10:65–71Google Scholar
- Vitas A, Erlickytė R (2007) Influence of droughts to the radial growth of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) at different site conditions. Baltic For 13:10–16Google Scholar