Skip to main content

Does reducing seed-P concentrations affect seedling vigor and grain yield of rice?

Abstract

Aims

Phosphorus (P) removed in grains causes losses of P from fields each year. Reducing grain P may therefore improve the P efficiency of cropping systems. This study quantified impacts of reduced seed-P concentrations on rice seedling vigor and final yields and investigated whether this was influenced by soil P supply or genotype.

Methods

Seed batches with P concentrations ranging from 0.9 to 3.5 mg g−1 were produced by growing rice in field plots ranging from severely P-deficient to fully fertilized and used in glasshouse and field experiments to investigate effects on seedling vigor and final grain/straw yield.

Results

‘Genotype by seed-P concentration’ interactions were significant for seedling vigor but grain yield was generally not affected. This suggested some genotypes were sensitive to reduced seed-P concentration during the seedling stage while others with seed-P concentrations as low as 0.9 mg g−1 maintained rapid early vigor and high grain yield.

Conclusions

Results indicate it may be possible to reduce seed-P concentrations without having negative effects on seedling vigor or yield. The development of cultivars with reduced seed-P concentration, particularly if combined with rapid seedling root growth, could be a valid option to improve the sustainability of phosphate fertilizer use.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  • Batten GD, Wardlaw IF, Aston MJ (1986) Growth and the distribution of phosphorus in wheat developed under various phosphorus and temperature regimes. Aust J Agric Res 37:459–469

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bolland MDA, Baker MJ (1988) High phosphorus concentrations in seed of wheat and annual medic are related to higher rates of dry matter production of seedlings and plants. Aust J Exp Agric 28:765–770

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Bregitzer PP, Raboy V (2006) Effects of four independent low-phytate mutations on barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) agronomic performance. Crop Sci 46:1318–1322

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Burnett VF, Newton PJ, Coventry DR (1997) Effect of seed source and seed phosphorus content on the growth and yield of wheat in north-eastern Victoria. Aust J Exp Agric 37:191–197

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Cordell D, Drangert J, White S (2009) The story of phosphorus: global food security and food for thought. Glob Environ Chang 19:292–305

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Derrick JW, Ryan MH (1998) Influence of seed phosphorus content on seedling growth in wheat: implications for organic and conventional farm management in South East Australia. Biol Agric Hortic 16:223–237

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Derwyn R, Whalley B, McKell CM, Green LR (1966) Effect of environmental conditions during the parent generation on seedling vigor of the subsequent seedlings of Oryzopsis miliacea (L.) Benth & Hook. Crop Sci 6:510–512

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Dobermann A, Fairhurst TH (2000) Nutrient disorders and nutrient management. Potash and Phosphate Institute of Canada and International Rice Research Institute, Singapore, p 191

    Google Scholar 

  • FAO (2013) Statistical yearbook 2013 – world food and agriculture. FAO, Rome, p 307

    Google Scholar 

  • Haefele SM, Saito K, Ndiaye KM, Mussgnug F, Nelson A, Wopereis MSC (2013) Increasing rice productivity through improved nutrient use in Africa. In: Wopereis MCS., Johnson DE, Ahmadi N, Tollens E, Jalloh A (ed) Realizing Africa’s Rice Promise. CABI, pp 250–264

  • Karlen DL, Flannery RL, Sadler EJ (1988) Aerial accumulation and partitioning of nutrients by corn. Agron J 80:232–242

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Lott JNA, Ockenden I, Raboy V, Batten GD (2000) Phytic acid and phosphorus in crop seeds and fruits: a global estimate. Seed Sci Res 10:11–33

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • MacDonald GK, Bennett EM, Potter PA, Ramankutty N (2011) Agronomic phosphorus imbalances across the world’s croplands. PNAS 108:3086–3091

    Article  PubMed Central  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Murphy J, Riley J (1962) A modified single solution method for the determination of phosphate in natural waters. Anal Chim Acta 27:31–36

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Nadeem M, Mollier A, Morel C, Vives A, Prud’homme L, Pellerin S (2012) Seed phosphorus remobilization is not a major limiting step for phosphorus nutrition during early growth of maize. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 175:805–809

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Nadeem M, Mollier A, Morel C, Shahid M, Aslam M (2013) Maize seedling phosphorus nutrition: Allocation of remobilized seed phosphorus reserves and external phosphorus uptake to seedling roots and shoots during early growth stages. Plant Soil 371:327–338

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Novozamsky J, Houba VJG, van Eck R, van Vark W (1983) A novel digestion technique for multi-element plant analysis. Commun Soil Sci Plant Anal 14:239–249

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Raboy V (2005) Inositol phosphates in plants and the development of low phytate crops. Proceedings Bouyoucos Conference: Inositol phosphates in the soil-plant-animal system. Sun Valley, Idaho USA, August 2005

  • Raboy V (2009) Approaches and challenges to engineering seed phytate and total phosphorus. Plant Sci 177:281–296

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Raboy V, Cichy K, Peterson K, Reichman S, Sompong U, Srinives P, Saneoka H (2014) Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Low phytic acid 1–1: an endosperm-specific, filial determinant of seed total phosphorus. J Hered 105:656–665

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Robinson WD, Carson I, Ying S, Ellis K, Plaxton WC (2012) Eliminating the purple acid phosphatase AtPAP26 in Arabidopsis thaliana delays leaf senescence and impairs phosphorus remobilization. New Phytol 196:1024–1029

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Rose TJ, Wissuwa M (2012) Rethinking internal phosphorus utilization efficiency: a new approach is needed to improve PUE in grain crops. Adv Agron 116:185–217

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Rose TJ, Pariasca-Tanaka J, Rose MT, Fukuta Y, Wissuwa M (2010) Genotypic variation in grain phosphorus concentration, and opportunities to improve P-use efficiency in rice. Field Crop Res 119:154–160

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rose TJ, Pariasca-Tanaka J, Rose MT, Mori A, Wissuwa M (2012) Seeds of doubt: re-assessing the impact of grain P concentrations on seedling vigor. J Plant Nutr Soil Sci 175:799–804

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Saito K, Vandamme E, Segda Z, Fofana M, Ahouanton K (2015) A screening protocol for vegetative-stage tolerance to phosphorus deficiency in upland rice. Crop Sci. doi:10.2135/cropsci2014.07.0521

    Google Scholar 

  • Thomas RL, Sheard RW, Moyer JR (1967) Comparison of conventional and automated procedures for Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium analysis of plant material using a single digestion. Agron J 59:240–243

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Walter LE, Jensen EH (1970) Effect of environment during seed production on seedling vigor of two alfalfa varieties. Crop Sci 10:635–638

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • White PJ, Veneklaas EJ (2012) Nature and nurture: the importance of seed phosphorus content. Plant Soil 357:1–8

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Wissuwa M, Ae N (2001) Genotypic variation for tolerance to phosphorus deficiency in rice and the potential for its exploitation in rice improvement. Plant Breed 120:43–48

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Zhang M, Nyborg M, McGill WB (1990) Phosphorus concentration in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seed: influence on seedling growth and dry matter production. Plant Soil 122:79–83

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Zhu YG, Smith SE (2001) Seed phosphorus (P) content affects growth, and P uptake of wheat plants and their association with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi. Plant Soil 231:105–112

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Matthias Wissuwa.

Additional information

Responsible Editor: Tim S. George.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Pariasca-Tanaka, J., Vandamme, E., Mori, A. et al. Does reducing seed-P concentrations affect seedling vigor and grain yield of rice?. Plant Soil 392, 253–266 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-015-2460-2

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-015-2460-2

Keywords

  • Rice genotypes
  • Seed-P concentration
  • Seedling vigor
  • Yield
  • Sustainable P utilization