Plant and Soil

, Volume 389, Issue 1–2, pp 171–183 | Cite as

Impact of species identity and phylogenetic relatedness on biologically-mediated plant-soil feedbacks in a low and a high intensity agroecosystem

Regular Article

Abstract

Aims

Plant species-specific effects on soil biota and their impacts on subsequent plant growth, i.e. plant-soil feedbacks (PSFs, henceforth), are major drivers in natural systems but little is known about their role in agroecosystems. We investigated the presence and magnitude of PSFs in two contrasting agricultural settings and tested the importance of species identity and phylogenetic relationships in determining PSFs.

Methods

We compared PSFs that developed from an intensified agricultural site and a nearby non-cultivated pasture. Four weed and seven crop species were grown in soil inoculated with either biologically active or sterilized soils from each system. Four crop response species were grown to estimate PSFs.

Results

PSFs were species-specific. The identity of currently- and previously-planted species and their interactions explained over 80 % of the variation in feedbacks. Biota from the intensified agricultural site produced negative feedbacks in three of the four response species. Phylogenetic relationships partially explained PSFs.

Conclusions

PSFs can alter crop growth and may be altered by agricultural practices. The species-specific effect to soil biota should be taken into account when assessing the extent to which crop and weed species could influence subsequent plant growth.

Keywords

Biologically mediated feedbacks Weed and crop growth Phylogeny Agroecology Crop field Pasture 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Western Ag Research CenterMontana State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.Department of Land Resources and Environmental SciencesMontana State UniversityBozemanUSA

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