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Glyphosate reduces shoot concentrations of mineral nutrients in glyphosate-resistant soybeans

Abstract

Although glyphosate-resistant (GR) technology is used in most countries producing soybeans (Glycine max L.), there are no particular fertilize recommendations for use of this technology, and not much has been reported on the influence of glyphosate on GR soybean nutrient status. An evaluation of different cultivar maturity groups on different soil types, revealed a significant decrease in macro and micronutrients in leaf tissues, and in photosynthetic parameters (chlorophyll, photosynthetic rate, transpiration and stomatal conductance) with glyphosate use (single or sequential application). Irrespective of glyphosate applications, concentrations of shoot macro- and micronutrients were found lower in the near-isogenic GR-cultivars compared to their respective non-GR parental lines Shoot and root dry biomass were reduced by glyphosate with all GR cultivars evaluated in both soils. The lower biomass in GR soybeans compared to their isogenic normal lines probably represents additive effects from the decreased photosynthetic parameters as well as lower availability of nutrients in tissues of the glyphosate treated plants.

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Abbreviations

A:

net photosynthesis

DAS:

days after sowing

E:

transpiration rate

Gs:

stomatal conductance

GR:

glyphosate-resistant soybean

Non-GR:

conventional soybean near-isogenic parental line

ICP-OES:

(inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometer)

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Acknowledgements

We thank the National Council for Scientific and Technology Development (CNPq), for the graduate scholarship for the senior author and financial support for this research.

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Correspondence to Luiz Henrique Saes Zobiole.

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Responsible Editor: Ismail Cakmak.

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Henrique Saes Zobiole, L., de Oliveira, R.S., Morgan Huber, D. et al. Glyphosate reduces shoot concentrations of mineral nutrients in glyphosate-resistant soybeans. Plant Soil 328, 57–69 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-009-0081-3

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Keywords

  • Glyphosate resistant soybean (Glycine max L.)
  • Glyphosate
  • Nutrient status
  • Photosynthesis