Plant and Soil

, Volume 293, Issue 1–2, pp 91–97 | Cite as

Hyperaccumulation of nickel by two Alyssum species from the serpentine soils of Iran

  • S. M. Ghaderian
  • A. Mohtadi
  • R. Rahiminejad
  • R. D. ReevesEmail author
  • A. J. M. Baker
Regular Article


Serpentine soils, which contain relatively high concentrations of nickel and some other metals, are the preferred substrate for some plants, especially those that accumulate Ni in their tissues. In temperate regions more Ni-hyperaccumulator plants are found in Alyssum than in any other genus. In this study, serpentine soils of two areas (Marivan and Dizaj) in the west/northwest of Iran and also perennial Alyssum plants growing on these soils were analyzed for Ni and some other metals. The highest concentrations of total metals in the soils of these areas for Ni, Cr, Co and Mn were 1,350, 265, 94 and 1,150 μg g−1, respectively, while concentrations of Fe, Mg and Ca reached 3.55%, 16.8% and 0.585% respectively. The concentration of exchangeable Ni in these soils is up to 4.5 μg g−1. In this study two Alyssum species, A. inflatum and A. longistylum, have been collected from Marivan and Dizaj, respectively. Analysis of leaf dry matter shows that they can contain up to 3,700 and 8,100 μg Ni g−1, respectively. This is the first time that such high Ni concentrations have been found in these species. The concentrations of other metals determined in these species were in the normal range for serpentine plants, except for Ca, which was higher, up to 5.3% and 3.5%, respectively


Alyssuminflatum Alyssum longistylum Heavy metals Iran Nickel hyperaccumulator Serpentine soils 



SMG would like to thank the University of Isfahan for providing research facilities for this study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Ghaderian
    • 1
  • A. Mohtadi
    • 1
  • R. Rahiminejad
    • 1
  • R. D. Reeves
    • 2
    Email author
  • A. J. M. Baker
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of IsfahanIsfahanIran
  2. 2.School of BotanyThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia

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