Lack of synchronization between N released from prunings applied to the soil as green manures and crop uptake as well as optimization of protein digestibility for ruminants, remain major research objectives for the selection of multipurpose tree and shrub legumes (MPT) for mixed smallholder systems in the tropics. Prunings of the high tannin, low quality MPT Calliandra houstoniana CIAT 20400 (Calliandra) and the tannin free, high quality MPT Indigofera zollingeriana (Indigofera) were mixed in the proportions 100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75, and 0:100 (w/w) in order to measure the aerobic rate and extent of N release in a leaching tube experiment, and the anaerobic extent of N degradation in an in vitro gas production experiment. Parameters measured in Calliandra:Indigofera mixtures were compared to theoretical values derived from single species plant material (i.e. 100:0 and 0:100). Aerobic N release and apparent anaerobic N degradation increased with increasing proportion of the high quality legume (Indigofera) in the mixture. While N release in the soil was lower than theoretical values in the mixture 50% Calliandra/50% Indigofera, this was not the case with apparent anaerobic N degradation with the same mixture. Aerobic N immobilization was more pronounced for the mixture 75% Calliandra/25% Indigofera than for 100% Calliandra and negative interaction was observed with apparent anaerobic N degradation in the mixture 75% Calliandra/25% Indigofera. Plant quality parameters that best correlated with aerobic N release and apparent anaerobic N degradation in the rumen were lignin + bound condensed tannins (r=−0.95 and −0.95 respectively, P<0.001). In addition, a positive correlation (r=0.89, P<0.001) was found between aerobic N release in the leaching tube experiment and apparent N degradation in the in vitro anaerobic gas production experiment. Results show that mixing prunings of MPT materials with contrasting quality is an effective way to modify aerobic N release pattern as well as apparent anaerobic N degradation and could possibly be applied to minimize N losses in the rumen and in the soil. In addition, apparent anaerobic N degradation was identified as good predictor of aerobic N release in the soil, which has resource saving implications when screening MTP to be used as green manures.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
R Barahona C Lascano N Narvaez E Owen P Morris M K Theodorou (2003) ArticleTitleIn-vitro degradability of mature and immature leaves of tropical forage legumes differing in condensed tannin and non-starch polysaccharide content and composition J. Sci. Food Agric. 83 1256–1266 Occurrence Handle10.1002/jsfa.1534 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DC%2BD3sXntFyiu70%3D
J M W Beuvink J Kogut (1993) ArticleTitleModelling gas production kinetics of grass silages incubated with buffered ruminal fluid J. Anim. Sci. 71 1041–1046 Occurrence Handle1:STN:280:ByyB3sbmtFI%3D Occurrence Handle8478277
J Carulla C E Lascano T Klopfenstein (2001) ArticleTitleReduction of tannin level in a tropical legume (Desmodium ovalifolium) with polyethylene glycol (PEG): Effect on intake and N balance, digestion and absorption by sheep Arch. Latinoam. Prod. Anim. 9 17–24
J G Cobo E Barrios D C L Kass R J Thomas (2002a) ArticleTitleNitrogen mineralization and crop uptake from surface-applied leaves of green manure species on a tropical volcanic-ash soil Biol. Fertil. Soils 36 87–92 Occurrence Handle10.1007/s00374-002-0496-y Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XmvV2mu70%3D
J G Cobo E Barrios D C L Kass R J Thomas (2002b) ArticleTitleDecomposition and nutrient release by green manures in a tropical hillside agroecosystem Plant Soil 240 331–342 Occurrence Handle10.1023/A:1015720324392 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DC%2BD38XltlOms74%3D
D C Coleman D A Crossley P F Hendrix (2004) Fundamentals of Soil Ecology EditionNumber2 Elsevier Academic Press Amsterdam-Boston
R J Delve (1998 ) Implications of Livestock Feeding Management on Soil Fertility in Smallholder Farming Systems Dissertation, Wye College, University of London UK 222
O M Faessler C Lascano (1995) ArticleTitleThe effect of mixtures of sun-dried tropical shrub legumes on the intake and nitrogen balance by sheep Trop. Grassl. 29 92–96
A E Hagerman L G Butler (2002) Tannins and lignins G A Rosenthal M R Berenbaum (Eds) Herbivores – Their Interactions with Secondary Plant Metabolites, Volume 1 Academic Press, Inc San Diego, USA 355–388
E Handayanto G Cadisch K E Giller (1994) ArticleTitleNitrogen release from prunings of legume hedgerow trees in relation to quality of the prunings and incubation method Plant Soil 160 237–248 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaK2cXktlCisbs%3D
E Handayanto G Cadisch K E Giller (1995) ArticleTitleManipulating of quality and mineralization of tropical legume tree prunings by varying nitrogen supply Plant Soil 176 149–160 Occurrence Handle10.1007/BF00017685 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaK2MXot1Olu78%3D
E Handayanto G Cadisch K E Giller (1997a) Regulating N mineralization from plant residues by manipulation of quality G Cadisch K E Giller (Eds) Driven by Nature: Plant Litter Quality and Decomposition CAB International Wallingford, Oxon, UK 175–185
E Handayanto K E Giller G Cadisch (1997b) ArticleTitleRegulating N release from legume tree prunings by mixing residues of different quality Soil Biol. Biochem. 29 1417–1426 Occurrence Handle10.1016/S0038-0717(97)00047-3 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaK2sXmtVCnsL4%3D
W T Jones J L Mangan (1977) ArticleTitleComplexes of the condensed tannins of sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.) with fraction one leaf protein and with submaxillary mucoprotein, and their reversal by polyethylene glycol and pH J. Sci. Food Agric. 28 126–136 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaE2sXhvVyjtrs%3D
S Kuo U M Saiju (1998) ArticleTitleNitrogen mineralization and availability of mixed leguminous and non-leguminous cover crop residues in soil Biol. Fertil. Soils 26 346–353 Occurrence Handle10.1007/s003740050387 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaK1cXitVamtLs%3D
P L Mafongoya P K R Nair (1997) ArticleTitleMultipurpose tree prunings as a source of nitrogen to maize under semiarid conditions in Zimbabwe 1. Nitrogen-recovery rates in relation to pruning quality and method of application Agrof. Syst. 35 31–46
P L Mafongoya P K R Nair B H Dzowela (1997) ArticleTitleMultipurpose tree prunings as a source of nitrogen to maize under semiarid conditions in Zimbabwe 2. Nitrogen-recovery rates and crop growth as influenced by mixtures and prunings Agrof. Syst. 35 47–56
R J K Myers C A Palm E Cuevas I U N Gunatilleke M Brossard (1994) The synchronization of nutrient mineralization and plant nutrient demand P L Woomer M J Swift (Eds) Biological Management of Tropical Soil Fertility John Wiley and Sons Chichester, UK 81–116
R R Northup R A Dahlgren J G McColl (1998) ArticleTitlePolyphenols as regulators of plant–litter–soil interactions in northern California’s pygmy forest: A positive feedback? Biogeochemistry 42 189–220 Occurrence Handle10.1023/A:1005991908504 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaK1cXlvVyjsrc%3D
Norton B W 2000 The significance of tannins in tropical animal production. In Tannins in Livestock and Human Nutrition. Ed. J D Brooker. pp 14–23. ACIAR Proceedings No. 92, Australian Centre of International Tropical Research (ACIAR), Canberra, Australia
C A Palm P A Sanchez (1991) ArticleTitleNitrogen release from the leaves of some tropical legumes as affected by their lignin and polyphenolic content Soil Biol. Biochem. 23 83–88 Occurrence Handle10.1016/0038-0717(91)90166-H Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaK3MXht1SktLY%3D
C A Palm C Gachego R J Delve G Cadisch K E Giller (2001) ArticleTitleOrganic inputs for soil fertility management in tropical agroecosystems: Application of an organic resource database Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 83 27–42
M Peters P Horne A Schmidt F Holmann P C Kerridge S A Tarawali R Schultze-Kraft C Lascano P Argel W Stuer S Fujisaka K Müller-Sämann C Wortmann (2001) ArticleTitleThe role of forages in reducing poverty and degradation of natural resources in tropical production systems Agricultural Research and Extension Network AgREN 117 1–12
C T Robbins S Mole A E Hagerman T A Hanley (1987) ArticleTitleRole of tannins in defending plants against ruminants: Reduction in dry matter digestion? Ecology 68 1606–1615 Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DyaL1cXhtFSqu70%3D
InstitutionalAuthorNameSAS Institute Inc. (2001) SAS User’s Guide: Statistics. Release 8.2 SAS Institute Cary, NC, USA
P Schachtschabel H-P Blume K-H Hartge U Schwertmann (1982) Lehrbuch der Bodenkunde/Scheffer/Schachtschabel Enke Stuttgart, Germany 442
H M Shelton (2000) ArticleTitleTropical forage tree legumes in agroforestry systems Unasylva 51 IssueID200 25–32
H M Shelton (2001) Advances in forage legumes: Shrub legumes J A Gomide W R Soares-Mattos S Carneiro da Silva (Eds) Proceedings of the XIX International Grassland Congress Fundação de Estudos Agrários Luiz de Queiroz, São Pedro São Paulo, Brazil 549–556
T H Terril A M Rowan G B Douglas T N Barry (1992) ArticleTitleDetermination of extractable and bound condensed tannin concentration in forage plants, protein concentrate meals and cereal grains J. Sci. Food Agric. 58 321–329
M K Theodorou B A Williams M S Dhanoa A B McAllan J France (1994) ArticleTitleA simple gas production method using a pressure transducer to determine the fermentation kinetics of ruminant feeds Anim. Feed. Sci. Technol. 48 185–197 Occurrence Handle10.1016/0377-8401(94)90171-6
K Tscherning E Barrios C Lascano M Peters R Schultze-Kraft (2005) ArticleTitleEffects of sample post harvest treatment on aerobic dry matter loss of surface-applied prunings in comparison to anaerobic in vitro digestibility of tropical legumes with contrasting quality Plant Soil 269 159–170 Occurrence Handle10.1007/s11104-004-0398-x Occurrence Handle1:CAS:528:DC%2BD2MXks1Ojtbk%3D
P J Soest Particlevan J B Robertson B A Lewis (1991) ArticleTitleMethods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition J. Dairy Sci. 74 3583–3597 Occurrence Handle1660498
S Zingore P L Mafongoya P Nyamugafata K E Giller (2003) ArticleTitleNitrogen mineralization and maize yields following application of tree prunings to a sandy soil in Zimbabwe Agrof. Syst. 57 199–211
About this article
Cite this article
Tscherning, K., Lascano, C., Barrios, E. et al. The Effect of Mixing Prunings of Two Tropical Shrub Legumes (Calliandra Houstoniana and Indigofera zollingeriana) with Contrasting Quality on N Release in the Soil and Apparent N Degradation in the Rumen. Plant Soil 280, 357–368 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-005-3505-8
- aerobic N mineralization
- anaerobic N degradation
- Calliandra houstoniana
- Indigofera zollingeriana