Plant Molecular Biology

, Volume 83, Issue 4–5, pp 303–315 | Cite as

Identification and functional characterization of silicon transporters in soybean using comparative genomics of major intrinsic proteins in Arabidopsis and rice

  • Rupesh K. Deshmukh
  • Julien Vivancos
  • Valérie Guérin
  • Humira Sonah
  • Caroline Labbé
  • François Belzile
  • Richard R. Bélanger


Silicon (Si) confers several benefits to many plant species when absorbed as silicic acid through nodulin 26-like intrinsic proteins (NIPs). The NIPs belong to major intrinsic protein (MIP) family, members of which form channels with high selectivity to control transport of water and different solutes. Here, comparative genomic analysis of the MIPs was performed to investigate the presence of Si transporter MIPs in soybean. Thorough analysis of phylogeny, gene organization, transcriptome profiling and protein modeling was performed to characterize MIPs in rice, Arabidopsis and soybean. Based on several attributes, two putative Si transporter genes, GmNIP2-1 and GmNIP2-2, were identified, characterized and cloned from soybean. Expression of both genes was detected in shoot and root tissues, and decreased as Si increased. The protein encoded by GmNIP2-2 showed functionality for Si transport when expressed in Xenopus oocytes, thus confirming the genetic capability of soybean to absorb the element. Comparative analysis of MIPs in plants provides opportunities to decipher gene evolution, functionality and selectivity of nutrient uptake mechanisms. Exploitation of this strategy has helped to uncover unique features of MIPs in soybean. The identification and functional characterization of Si transporters can be exploited to optimize the benefits that plants can derive from Si absorption.


Aquaporin Nodulin 26-like intrinsic protein Silicon transporter Soybean genome Xenopus oocytes 

Supplementary material

11103_2013_87_MOESM1_ESM.docx (150 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 150 kb)
11103_2013_87_MOESM2_ESM.docx (5.3 mb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 5447 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rupesh K. Deshmukh
    • 1
  • Julien Vivancos
    • 1
  • Valérie Guérin
    • 1
  • Humira Sonah
    • 1
  • Caroline Labbé
    • 1
  • François Belzile
    • 1
  • Richard R. Bélanger
    • 1
  1. 1.Département de Phytologie, Faculté des Sciences de l’Agriculture et de l’Alimentation, Centre de Recherche en HorticultureUniversité LavalQuebecCanada

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