Tatton-Brown-Rahman syndrome (TBRS) is a newly defined genetic entity characterized by overgrowth and intellectual disability, resulting from germline mutations in the gene encoding DNA methyltransferase 3 alpha (DNMT3A). Affected individuals with benign and malignant tumors have been reported; to our knowledge pituitary adenomas (and other tumors identified in our patient) have not yet been described in this syndrome.
We report the case of a 34-year-old woman with TBRS who developed a GH-secreting pituitary macroadenoma and other benign tumors and cystic lesions involving diverse organ systems. Whole-exome sequencing revealed a heterozygous, likely pathogenic variant (c.700_709 del10, p. Gly234ArgfsX79) in exon7 of DNMT3A, and a heterozygous variant of uncertain significance (c.25 C>T, p.Arg9Trp) in exon 1 of the gene encoding aryl hydrocarbon receptor-interacting protein (AIP). The patient failed somatostatin analog treatment, and underwent surgery. The tumor retained AIP expression, and analysis of tumor DNA indicated the presence of both AIP alleles, consistent with no loss of heterozygosity. These findings suggest that the AIP variant was not the primary driver of pituitary adenoma development.
Our case suggests that TBRS might be associated with pituitary adenoma and a broader spectrum of tumors than previously thought, making long-term follow up of these patients crucial to identify tumors early, and to elucidate the clinical spectrum of the disorder for optimization of management.
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Hage, C., Sabini, E., Alsharhan, H. et al. Acromegaly in the setting of Tatton-Brown-Rahman Syndrome. Pituitary 23, 167–170 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11102-019-01019-w
- Tatton-Brown-Rahman syndrome (TBRS)
- Pituitary adenoma
- Aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP)
- Growth hormone (GH)
- DNA methyltransferase 3 alpha (DNMT3A)