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Table 2 Shrub/subshrub species and the main types of natural compounds investigated during seasons in referencesa

From: Seasonal variations of natural products in European herbs

Climate classification Countries Families Species Life forms Types of natural products Organs References References
Mediterraneanb Spain Plantaginaceae Digitalis obscura L. Subshrub Cardenolide Leaves Roca-Pérez et al. (2004)
  Portugal Hypericaceae Hypericum androsaemum L. Shrub Essential oil Aerial parts Guedes et al. (2004)
  Italy Lamiaceae Rosmarinus officinalis L. Shrub Essential oil Aerial parts Melito et al. (2019)
  Italy Lamiaceae Rosmarinus officinalis L. Shrub Essential oil Aerial parts Serralutzu et al. (2020)
  Spain Lamiaceae Rosmarinus officinalis L. Shrub Essential oil Aerial parts Salido et al. (2003)
  Greece Lamiaceae Rosmarinus officinalis L., Salvia fruticosa Mill. Shrub Subshrub Essential oil, Flavonoids, Phenolic acids Aerial parts Papageorgiou et al. (2008a)
  Croatia Lamiaceae Salvia officinalis L. Subshrub Flavonoids, Phenolic acids Leaves Generalić et al. (2012)
  Portugal Lamiaceae Salvia officinalis L. Subshrub Essential oil Aerial parts Santos-Gomes and Fernandes-Ferreira (2001)
  Spain Lamiaceae Salvia officinalis subsp. lavandulifolia (Vahl) Gams Subshrub Essential oil Aerial parts Usano-Alemany et al. (2012)
  Italy Lamiaceae Thymus vulgaris L. Subshrub Terpenoids Aerial parts Hudaib et al. (2002)
Temperate Serbia Lamiaceae Rosmarinus officinalis L. Shrub Essential oil Aerial parts Lakušić et al. (2013a)
  UK Lamiaceae Rosmarinus officinalis L. Shrub Phenolic acids Petals, Sepals, Leaves, Stems, Roots Luis and Johnson (2005)
  Serbia Lamiaceae Salvia officinalis L. Subshrub Essential oil Leaves Lakušić et al. (2013b)
  Austria Lamiaceae Salvia officinalis L. Subshrub Essential oil Leaves Grausgruber-Gröger et al. (2012)
  1. a,bThe same as Table 1