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Biosynthesis and metabolic actions of simple phenolic acids in plants

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The diversity of secondary compounds in the plant kingdom is huge. About 200,000 compounds are known, which are grouped into amines, non-protein amino acids, peptides, alkaloids, glucosinolates, cyanogenic glucosides, organic acids, terpenoids, quinones, polyacetylenes, and phenolics. The group of phenolic compounds consists of polyphenols, oligophenols and monophenols or simple phenolic compounds such as benzoic and cinnamic acids and their hydroxylated derivatives. Among the thousands of compounds present in ecological interactions, simple phenolic acids are the most abundant in soils, and many are described as allelochemicals. Given the physiological and biochemical importance of these compounds, we review their biosynthesis and metabolic actions in plants.

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Rogério Marchiosi, Wanderley Dantas dos Santos and Osvaldo Ferrarese-Filho conceived and revised the manuscript. Aline Finger-Teixeira and Rogério Marchiosi wrote the section of biosynthesis of benzoic acids. Dyoni Mathias de Oliveira wrote the section of the phenylpropanoid pathway and made Fig. 4. Thatiane Rodrigues Mota wrote the section about cellular respiration and photosynthesis. Rogério Marchiosi wrote the section of shikimate pathway and made all other figures. Rogério Barbosa de Lima and Anderson Ricardo Soares wrote the section about lignin metabolism. Rodrigo Polimeni Constantin and Marcela de Paiva Foletto-Felipe prepared the table. Rogério Marchiosi and Josielle Abrahão wrote the section about metabolic actions of simple phenolic acids on plants.

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Correspondence to Osvaldo Ferrarese-Filho.

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Marchiosi, R., dos Santos, W.D., Constantin, R.P. et al. Biosynthesis and metabolic actions of simple phenolic acids in plants. Phytochem Rev 19, 865–906 (2020).

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