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Phytochemical review of the lichen genus Stereocaulon (Fam. Stereocaulaceae) and related pharmacological activities highlighted by a focus on nine species

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The Stereocaulon genus is one of the fruticose lichen groups distributed worldwide from tropical zones to polar zones. However, the scientific study of this tricky genus is still limited, making it a challenge to study the group further. Detailed morphological studies are essential to discriminate closely shaped species which is illustrated through personal data focused on phyllocladia, apothecia and spores of nine species. Secondary metabolites isolated from Stereocaulon species are mostly some depsides, depsidones, diphenylethers and dibenzofurans which can have a taxonomic value. The use of Stereocaulon lichens as a traditional medicine in several regions of the world and pharmacological studies of extracts and isolated compounds have been compiled. Biological activities as cytotoxic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antifungal or antioxidant are reported.

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The collaboration has been initiated in the frame of a Bioasia program (LICHENASIA 2009–2010) and further supported by the French Embassy in Indonesia. The authors also acknowledge A. Burel, V. Gouesbert and M.T. Lavault (Mric TEM. Univ. Rennes, BIOSIT—UMS 3480) for technical contribution in preparing lichens sections for light microscopy. J. Le Lannic is acknowledged for SEM images performed at CMEBA (ScanMAT, UMS 2001 CNRS—University of Rennes 1). A great acknowledgement is due to A. Chambet who provided some unvaluable documents and specimens from the Des Abbayes lichen Herbarium Collection and to JM Sussey for providing some sample of S. grande. Dr H Sipman (Berlin Museum) was also of great support with expertise in tropical lichen identification.

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Correspondence to Friardi Ismed.

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Ismed, F., Lohézic-Le Dévéhat, F., Guiller, A. et al. Phytochemical review of the lichen genus Stereocaulon (Fam. Stereocaulaceae) and related pharmacological activities highlighted by a focus on nine species. Phytochem Rev 17, 1165–1178 (2018).

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