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Phytochemistry Reviews

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 943–959 | Cite as

Traditional Mongolian Medicine: history and status quo

  • A. Pitschmann
  • S. Purevsuren
  • A. Obmann
  • D. Natsagdorj
  • D. Gunbilig
  • S. Narantuya
  • Ch. Kletter
  • S. GlaslEmail author
Article

Abstract

Traditional Mongolian Medicine (TMM) plays an important role within the medical system of Mongolia nowadays. This medical system is rather unknown in the Western world, and detailed information can hardly be found in literature. In this article various aspects of TMM are highlighted. The eventful history of TMM is presented, and the centres which offer today’s traditional medical care are introduced. Institutions which provide education in TMM are outlined, and the latest developments in the national standard are highlighted, according to which the different institutions have to develop their curricula. Furthermore, an overview is given about herbal medicines in Mongolia and the health situation in this country. Finally, the international and Mongolian literature of Achillea asiatica, Dianthus versicolor, Euphorbia pallasii, Lilium pumilum, and Saussurea amara, which are all used in TMM to cure liver diseases, is reviewed.

Keywords

Traditional Mongolian Medicine Education Herbal drugs Liver diseases Achillea asiatica Dianthus versicolor Euphorbia pallasii Lilium pumilum Saussurea amara 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank E. Ganbold, Head of Department of Biology, Ulaanbaatar University, and B. Batkhuu, Lecturer of the Mongolian National University, for their assistance in compiling information on English names, synonyms, description, distribution and habitat for the monographs.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Pitschmann
    • 1
  • S. Purevsuren
    • 2
  • A. Obmann
    • 1
  • D. Natsagdorj
    • 3
  • D. Gunbilig
    • 4
  • S. Narantuya
    • 2
  • Ch. Kletter
    • 1
  • S. Glasl
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PharmacognosyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.School of PharmacyHealth Sciences University of MongoliaUlaanbaatarMongolia
  3. 3.Clinic and Training Centre of Mongolian Traditional Medicine “Manba Datsan”“Otoch Manramba” Institute of Traditional Mongolian MedicineUlaanbaatarMongolia
  4. 4.Joint Laboratory for Chemical EcologyMongolian Academy of ScinecesUlaanbaatarMongolia

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