Chrysobalanaceae: secondary metabolites, ethnopharmacology and pharmacological potential

Abstract

Many Chrysobalanaceae species, in special Licania and Parinari, are widely used in folk medicine to treat several diseases. This review describes some aspects of their ethnopharmacology potential, biological activities and the secondary metabolites reported so far for Chrysobalanaceae. The chemical constituents of this family include triterpenoids, diterpenoids, steroids and phenylpropanoids like flavonoids as well as chromones derivatives.

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Abbreviations

ara:

Arabinosyl

cou:

Coumaroyl

gal:

Galactosyl

glc:

Glycosyl

rha:

Rhamnosyl

rut:

Rutinosyl

xyl:

Xylosyl

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Acknowledgments

This work was funded by grants of the Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP). I. C-G and V.S.B would like to acknowledge CNPq for researcher grants.

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Correspondence to Ian Castro-Gamboa.

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Carnevale Neto, F., Pilon, A.C., da Silva Bolzani, V. et al. Chrysobalanaceae: secondary metabolites, ethnopharmacology and pharmacological potential. Phytochem Rev 12, 121–146 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11101-012-9259-z

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Keywords

  • Chrysobalanaceae
  • Kaurane diterpene
  • Glycoside flavonoid
  • Triterpene
  • Ethnopharmacology